W. H. Brooker U.S. Civil War diary [Digital Version]

Bibliographic Information

Brooker, W. H., W. H. Brooker U.S. Civil War diary (1863-1866)

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Title: W. H. Brooker U.S. Civil War diary [Digital Version]
Funding from: Funding for the creation of this digitized text is provided by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Author: Brooker, W. H.
Statements of responsibility:
  • Creation of digital images: Center for Digital Scholarship, Rice University
  • Creation of transcription: Dr. Lisa Spiro, Director of the Digital Media Center
  • Conversion to TEI-conformant markup: Dr. Lisa Spiro, Director of the Digital Media Center
  • Parsing and proofing: Center for Digital Scholarship, Rice University
  • Subject analysis and assignment of taxonomy terms: Robert Estep
Publisher: Rice University, Houston, Texas
Publication date: 2010-06-07
Identifier: aa00362
Availability: This digital text is publicly available via the Americas Digital Archive through the following Creative Commons attribution license: “You are free: to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work; to make derivative works; to make commercial use of the work. Under the following conditions: By Attribution. You must give the original author credit. For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above.”
Notes:
Digitization: Page images of the original document are included. Images exist as archived TIFF files, JPEG versions for general use, and thumbnail GIFs.
Provenance: The diary was purchased from John Weiler, autograph dealer, on 2 May 1958, on the recommendation of Professor Frank E. Vandiver.
Description: 110 handwritten page leather bound diary
Abstract: Diary detailing a Tennessee soldier's day-to-day movements and military action
Source(s): Brooker, W. H., W. H. Brooker U.S. Civil War diary (1863-1866)
Source Identifier: W.H. Brooker U.S. Civil War diary, 1863-1866, MS 126, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University
Description of the project: This digitized text is part of the Our Americas Archive Partnership (OAAP) project.
Editorial practices
This text has been encoded based on recommendations from Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Any comments on editorial decisions for this document are included in footnotes within the document with the author of the note indicated. All digitized texts have been verified against the original document. Quotation marks have been retained. For printed documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. No corrections or normalizations have been made, except that hyphenated, non-compound words that appear at the end of lines have been closed up to facilitate searching and retrieval. For manuscript documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. We have recorded normalizations using the reg element to facilitate searchability, but these normalizations may not be visible in the reading version of this electronic text
Languages used in the text: English
Text classification
Keywords: Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus
  • Diaries
Keywords: Library of Congress Subject Headings
  • Brooker, W. H.--Diaries
  • Confederate States of America. Army--Georgia Infantry Regiment, 39th
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives, Confederate
  • Lookout Mountain, Battle of, Tenn., 1863
  • Missionary Ridge, Battle of, Tenn., 1863
  • Kennesaw Mountain, Battle of, Ga., 1864
  • Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889
  • Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876
  • Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879
Keywords: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
  • United States (nation)
  • Georgia (state)
  • Tennessee (state)





[Illegible: 216
25
R. E. Brooker
Fort ] [...]


1

October the 6 1863

left Dalton & arrived
at the RegtRegiment. found it
camptRegularized:camped at ChickamagaRegularized:Chickamauga
at the breast works.
Company Drill in the
morning, Battalion Drill
in the Evening.

7th

Held an Election
for Gov.Governor & Congress &
Senate & Representatives
And had no great excite-
ment
Regularized:excitement
on the occasion.
heard Some heavy
guns in the Direction
of Chattanooga. in the
evening; all quiteRegularized:quiet at
Night. along the front


2

October the
8th

had a general inspec-
tion
Regularized:inspection
of our Division. one
Drill in the afternoon.

9th

all quiteRegularized:quiet: President
Davis visited by us in
the. evening. Escorted
by General Bragg to his
head quarters. The
President was called on for
a Speech. he spoke
a few words. and part
on [Illegible: hoping] with the pleasure of
seeing us again;

10th

at 2 o'clock before
day broke. weeRegularized:We got orders
to cook one days RastionsRegularized:rations
to march at day light;
but the order was revoked


3

October

and all remained in Camp
working on the fortifications
around ChickamogiaRegularized:Chickamauga.

11th

it was a quiet day. both
in the front & rear. WeeRegularized:We had
Preaching throughout our
Camps.

12th

fine day. had a
General review of
our Brigade: at, 4, oclock
P.M. and Brigade Drill

13th

rain'dRegularized:rained all day: had -
a mudyRegularized:muddy day in camps.

14th

wet & mudyRegularized:muddy day in camps.

15th

randRegularized:rained all day in camps

16th

ClaredRegularized:Cleared off & was a fine day

17th

WeeRegularized:We moved from ChickamogaRegularized:Chickamauga
to [Illegible: Gajors] Station on the
Cleveland and Chattanooga
rail road.


4

and got orders to cook
RashionsRegularized:rations for Three Days.
to move in the Direction of
CharlstonRegularized:Charleston, Tennessee.

18th

Struck Tents and moved
all the Bagage over to the
Depot. Ready for Transpor-
tation
Regularized:Transportation
at 3. oclock P.M.
Barton's Brigade moved off in
front they started at --
7,oclock.P.M.

our Brigade moved over
on the west side of the RR
some 2 miles. and Remained
all night.

19th

stayed all day: Expect-
ing
Regularized:Expecting

orders every moment
to momentmooveRegularized:move: part of the
Brigade moved on the evening


5

October the
20th

stayed in camps with
all day All the Brigade left
but one Regiment. it couldentRegularized:couldn't
get transportation on the cars.

21st

got on the train at ,10
O clock, A.M. for Charlst-
on,
Regularized:Charlston/Charleston
TennTennessee. Arrival. 3, -
O clock P.M. DrawdRegularized:Drawed
2 Days RashionsRegularized:rations. and Cooked.them. for a
march at day light
next morning.

22nd

got across the River
about ,8, Oclock, with 2
picesRegularized:pieces of Artillery; &
marched to Athens 15
miles and camptRegularized:camped on the
Side of the [...] Road
without Tents or flyes


6

October the
23rd

Just before day They came
a powerful rain. and wet

all of the soldiers. When
day light shone out ?weeRegularized:we
Started our march in the
rain. MarchtRegularized:Marchedto Mouse Creek
6 miles. Their found the
Brigade. camptRegularized:camped. weeRegularized:we CamptRegularized:Camped
in a piece of woods : burnt
a power of wood. For the weather
was wet & cold. weeRegularized:we had neither
tent nor flys. that night
weeRegularized:we drawdRegularized:drawed 2 days RashionsRegularized:Rations
of flour, and beef. to
cook immediately, and be
ready to march at any
moment. WeeRegularized:We had nothing
to cook in. not as mutchRegularized:much
as a pan to. a company


7

October the
24th

marchtRegularized:marched at 9, oclock
to Sweet Water, 6 miles
arrivdRegularized:arrived, 4 oclock P.M.
they was some skirmishing
done up at PhiladelpfaRegularized:Philadelphia
that evningRegularized:evening. With CavarleryRegularized:CavalryCavarlery
Some artilerRegularized:artillery was used
in the time of it.
WeeRegularized:We formed our lines
West of Sweet water
Some half a mile, Where
weeRegularized:we remaindRegularized:remained all Night

25th

remaindRegularized:remained in lines of
all day, all quiet in
front. had orders to
beeRegularized:be in readiness for
evryRegularized:every moment. had one
days rashionsRegularized:rations on hands.


8

October, the
26th

got orders to march.
weeRegularized:we was orderd in to line
and marchtRegularized:marched ,3, hundred
yards. and the order
was countermanded.
and weeRegularized:we went back
in lines and drawdRegularized:drawed
8 days rashionsRegularized:rations, and
cooked then. that day &
night remained still all
night. They was some
Shelling. done in the
evningRegularized:evening. All quiet in front
that night.

27th

RemaindRegularized:Remained in lines
all day. expecting --
momentarly orders to
move. DrawdRegularized:Drawed 1 days rashionsRegularized:rations & cooking.


9

October the
28th

RemaindRegularized:Remained in the lines.(drawdRegularized:drew
1 days rashionsRegularized:rations.) All day till
6 oclock PM. got orders to
march to [...] in the DyrectionRegularized:Direction
of Loudon. Tenn.Tennessee Carried
our dysdays rashionsRegularized:rations. it
no not Cooked. MarchtRegularized:Marched in
6 miles of Loudon and StopedRegularized:Stopped
on the side of the road.
12 miles. and the
[...] Road slick & mudyRegularized:muddy.
WeeRegularized:We marchtRegularized:marched on the Rail-
Road.
Regularized:RailRoad
Some 7 miles &
then took the Dirt Road
the Tressell Bridges on
the Rail Road was very -
tedious & dangerous to cross

29th

after night owing to the Wetness


10

October the
29
30th

remained in lines all
day on the evningRegularized:evening it
was wet & rainy. that
night it rained very hard
and no tents nor flies
to protect us from the
weather. So we fairdRegularized:faired
very [Illegible: mifly] that night

31st

remaindRegularized:remained in lines all
day. all quiet in front
Barton's Brigade moved off
at 2 oclock P.M. Some
7 miles up the river.


11

November the, 1863
1st

had inspections at 10,
Oclock, A.M. as soon
as weeRegularized:we come of of inspec
tion.
Regularized:inspection
weeRegularized:we got orders to
March in a moment of
in line of Battle, for weeRegularized:we
could hear the guns firing
up the River. weeRegularized:we marchtRegularized:marched
off towards Loudon: in
plain view of the enemy
about a mile distant
then formed our line
in the ^edge of woods, remaindRegularized:remained
about 2 hours. and
marchtRegularized:marched Back to our old
line Where weeRegularized:we went
from: it was done to
give the enemy a review
of us.


12

2nd

WeeRegularized:We got orders to mar-
ch
Regularized:march
at 800 A.M. and -
marchtRegularized:marched 7 miles up the
River. Where Bartons Brig-
ade
Regularized:Brigade
was camptRegularized:camped. got their
at,2, oclock P.M. remained
their all night. drawdRegularized:drew one
days rashionsRegularized:rations. Cooked
it without any veselsRegularized:vessels
at all.

3rd

at 3 Oclock. P.M.,
moved accross a creek
~ 2 1/2 a Mile. and,
camptRegularized:camped on a hill where
Bartons Brigade was
remaindRegularized:remained all night
and DrawdRegularized:drew shooes &
Blankets for the [Illegible: Brigade].


13

4th

remaindRegularized:remained in camps all
day had shells twiced that
day. that night after
dark weeRegularized:we got orders to
be ready to march at ,7,
Oclock A.M. in the
dyrectionRegularized:direction of Sweet Water
9 miles march. weeRegularized:we got
to SweatRegularized:Sweet__ Water at
2 oclock P.M., camptRegularized:camped
on the Same ground
that weeRegularized:we left off of
when weeRegularized:we started to
Loudon remained all
night. it rained that
evningRegularized:evening But fairdRegularized:faired
off prityRegularized:pretty Before
day Broke. Cheathems
3 Division left that day


14

for ChickimougaRegularized:Chikimouga
on the train.

5th 6th

remaindRegularized:remained all day in
camp. Long Street's Div. 're
come up in the evningRegularized:evening
to take our place in
TennTennessee as weeRegularized:we attracts
the lines at
Chattanooga.

7th

remained in camps
all day waiting for orders
to move.

8th

remained in camp
all day

9th

Remained all day expect-
ing
Regularized:expecting
orders momentarily to
move

10th

got orders to move
at 7 oclock A.M. to
the train. [...]


15

Barton's Brigade
left off in the morn
weeRegularized:we got on the train.
our Regt.Regiment the rest of
our Brigade went
back to camp till
next morning weeRegularized:we
remained on the train
till 1 oclock that
night then started
bound for the limits
of Chattanooga
Wh arrived at
CharlstonRegularized:Charleston at day
Brake got on our
Baggage then
proceded on Some
4 miles below Char
lston,
Regularized:Charlston/Charleston
one, car


16

Box turned off. fortu-
nately
Regularized:fortunately
hurting no
one. Arrived at the
Tunell on the Chattanooga
& Cleavland Raill Road
at 3 oclock P.M. on

11th

formdRegularized:formed a line with
Bartons Brigade & this
remained all night weeRegularized:we
got our tents as weeRegularized:we-
come by CharlstonRegularized:Charleston -
they'r Regularized:there was some few
cannon fired in the
evningRegularized:evening late. all quiet
that night in front

12th

DrawdRegularized:drew 2 days Rash
ions
Regularized:Rashions/Rations
of beef & one of flour
and had not time to


17

ishueRegularized:issue them for the
men. weeRegularized:we got orders to
move at once to the front. started at
1 oclock P.M. marchtRegularized:marched
8 miles and camptRegularized:camped
that night in an old
field. and no wood
to burn. the next mor-
ning
Regularized:morning
at 10 A.M. 13th
we started on to the
front. went to the foot
of the Lookout mountain
the got their about 12
Oclock A,M. of the 13th
remaindRegularized:remained thierRegularized:their till --
dark. Then started up
the mountain. had
nothing to eat that day


18

When we got to the top
of the mountain, weeRegularized:we
. could .cast a look back
over the valeyRegularized:valley [...] and
behold the fire lights of
Braggs army encircled
around Chattanooga and
its vicinity. it was one,
of the grandest objects
that the eye could
behold, it attracted the
attention of all who
did was at in the march
that night. When weeRegularized:we
struck the top of the mou
ntain
Regularized:mountain
weeRegularized:we struck a breeze
much cooler & pleasenter
than below. WeeRegularized:We marchtRegularized:marched


19

a mile on the top
and camptRegularized:camped at the
little Viledge Vilage of
Sumer townRegularized:Summertown;

l4th

at 9 oclock that morn
ing
Regularized:morning
we marchtRegularized:marched a mile
and camptRegularized:camped on a line of
breastworks. on the top
of the mountain. got no
RashionsRegularized:rations that day till
first at dark weeRegularized:we got
some flour &no meat.
remaindRegularized:remained their all night
it raindRegularized:rained in the morning
when weeRegularized:we started to
move but clairdRegularized:cleared off
that night and the
wind blew cold and
swift.


20

15th

remaindRegularized:remained Still all
day drawdRegularized:drew one days rashio
ns
Regularized:rashions/rations
of bacon a third of
a pound to the man
their was a Detail mai
-d
Regularized:maid/made
to work on the breast-
works
Regularized:breastworks
: Some few cannon
fired in front. [...]

16th

remaindRegularized:remained in camps all
day heavy cannonading
on the lines in the
morning. all Safe,

17th

about 2 oclock A.M.
weeRegularized:we got orders to move
be ready to move at
sun rise on a Scouting-
expedition, to have
three days rashionsRegularized:rations ready


21

and at 10 oclock -
A.M. started on our
march. marchtRegularized:marched 10 mi
les
Regularized:miles
down the Lookout-
mountains, in the dy-
rection of Trenton.
& as weeRegularized:we went through the
woods. the bigest part
of the way. to prevent
the enemy from sengRegularized:seeing
us. weeRegularized:we camptRegularized:camped on the
mountain that night
a bout 5 miles from
Trenton. Their the two
Brigades. took their
repose for the night -
all quiet in the VallyRegularized:Valley
below. no Artillery nor
waggonsRegularized:wagons nor Ambulances


21a

in the expiditionRegularized:expedition
nothing but the footman
and his ,40, rounds of
Cartradge Regularized:Cartridge & 3 days
rashionsRegularized:rations of beef &
Crackers .....

18th

at-8-oclock PM
at 11 o'clock that
morning, the enemy
came in to Trenton
and threw a few
shells at our Cavalry
and then it was
all quiet. At ,3,
o'clock P.M. we star
ted
Regularized:started
downin the dyr
ection
Regularized:dyrection/direction
of Trenton.
went down the mountain
a mile and a half.


22

Then the order was
countermanded. and -
weeRegularized:we turned back. reacht Regularized:reached
the top of the mountain
at Sundown. then
started back to the
old Camping ground
where we left from
arrivdRegularized:arrived their at 12;
oclock that night—
went to our repose; all
quiet that night.

19th

All quiet today
in front; details wor
king
Regularized:working
on the breastworks
all day, and all night
(I was on guard on the
spir of the mount where
weeRegularized:we could see the enemy


23

whole encampment &
their positions accross the
river. & their waggonsRegularized:wagons
Crossing, momentarily)

20,

at 7 oclock, we got
orders & marchtRegularized:marched 5,
miles down the moun
tain.
Regularized:mountain
StaydRegularized:Stayed all night
hearing of the enemy
being on the mountain
below us. One Brigade
4, pieces of Artillery
& 30 waggonsRegularized:wagons, moved
in the dyrectionRegularized:direction of
Chattanooga after enemy

21st

came back to cam
ps
Regularized:camps
at ,11, oclock, work
on the works all evningRegularized:evening
and till ,10, oclock that night.


24

22nd

the left wing of
the RegtRegiment went on picket.
Some ,3, miles from camp.

23rd

at a late hour in the
evningRegularized:evening their was heavy
cannonading; and some
musketing. In the extreme
Right: then our Brigade
left the top of the
mountain: and came
in the VallyRegularized:Valley; and went
in to the Ditches. not
far from Chattanooga
Creek, and remaindRegularized:remained all
night, all quiet,

24th

at ,12, o'clock [...]
the enemy charged our
Ditches on the point
of Lookout [...] Mountain.


25

weeRegularized:we having no force
but some pickets. they
fought all evningRegularized:evening -
at ,11, oclock that night
their was: a heavy —
charge: made; at 12
oclock in the night all
was quiet on the mount
the enemy was busy
building fires: and advanc
ing
Regularized:advancing
their post, our —
troops was orderdRegularized:ordered to leave
the mountain, and the
whole line of entrench-
ments
Regularized:entrenchments
:: fell back on
the Mishenary Ridge by
Day light. the —

25th

at 10 oclock A.M.
the enemy, advanced


26

on the part of the line
where General Comin
gs
Regularized:Comings
Brigade Rested, over
the tunnellRegularized:tunnel on the ChattonogRegularized:Chattanooga
& Cleavland Rail Road
they advanced towards
our Batteries on the
Ridge. the 39 GA. Regt Georgia Regiment
and: a detachment of
one Company of the
56th Georgia. Charged
on them and broken
their ranks: fought
about ,2, hours,,
and drove them in
to the woods: till ,2,
oclock that evningRegularized:evening
They made a heavy
charge on the


27

right of our Division
their we had temporary
breastworks of bags
weeRegularized:we fought some ,2,
hours Desperately
then; charged their
lines; and broken
them: they fell back
under cover of their
Batteries: then weeRegularized:we
retired behind our
works; fore Some Time
the enymyRegularized:enemy: shell us
very mutchRegularized:much:-

at sun down our
[...] Comings & Browns
Brigades was orderd
down to the center
where they was —


28

pressed Very hard
before we got their
the enemy had the
works for a half a mi
le
Regularized:mile
: then weeRegularized:we left faced
and marchtRegularized:marched to -
Chickamauga Station
and camptRegularized:camped. the
Whole Army moved
back. loosing some
Artillery and prisin
ors:
Regularized:prisinors/prisoners
a great deal, for
parts of the army
was Severly cut
up: —

26th

before day light
weeRegularized:we moved off from
Chickamauga —
distroyingRegularized:destroying all the


29

Stores that was
to be left their, the
hungeryRegularized:hungry Soldier Spent
his prey upon the --
Commissary Stores
marchtRegularized:marched that day to
Ringold: with the —
waggonsRegularized:wagons; and artillery,
the Roads was Very
rough and mudyRegularized:muddy weeRegularized:we
had to march slow
and the enemy pus
shing
Regularized:pushing
us very light
capturing waggonsRegularized:wagons
and Artillery: all
along: —

27.

Before day started
marchtRegularized:marched to Dalton
by Dark, took camps


30

at FitzJarlds Regularized:Fitzgerald's
Spring they was
fighting all dyRegularized:day in
the rear: about
Ringold —

28th
29th
30th

remaindRegularized:remained in cam
pt
Regularized:encamped
December.


31

December
1st

had a General reviewinspection
of our Brigade

2nd

3rd

had a Division inspection

4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
9th 10th 11th 12th ,13th,

The 36 & 39 Ga. Regt Georgia Regiment
of Cummings BrigBrigade
was detailed to work
the Road from Dalton
to the [Illegible: Sacker], on the
night of the 13th their was
a heavy storm with
wind & Rain
Returned to camps at
Dalton on the 17th

18th
19th

moved our
BrigadBrigade : one mile


32

December, Dalton


up even of town x

20th

drawed six months
wages of money $66.00

21st

had a Grand
General Review of of
General Hardee's old
Corpse —

22nd 23rd 24th 25

had
not mutchRegularized:much time for
Christmas. Generl
General Stevenson
moved his Division
to Bransby, —

26: 27th

remained in
camps wet & dank days

28,29,30th,31st

fair —
Drilled twice today
an no news of EmportinRegularized:importance
from the front —


33

January 1864

x
Our Cavelery went
up in to East TennTennessee
and got badly —
Defeated: and a heap
of them Captured —
and their horses.—
-

January the 1st '64

one more year of war
and bloodshed has
pasedRegularized:passed over the soldiers
head, those that lives
to tell the tale, but
sad to say that many
of our fellow soldiers
is now silent in
their graves +


34

January


where war is no more
with them: they have
left: the horrors of
war and trouble never
to be molested any more

2nd

a very cold day it
was the ... new year come
in cold & dry. --
( General Joseph E. Johnson

taken Command of
the Army of Tennessee)

3rd

raindRegularized:rained in the better part
of the day sets in for
a wet Spell. [Illegible: Is]

4 5

then cleared off

6' 7' 8' 9th 10th 11th 12th

all quiet in front

13 14 15th 16 17 18 -

drawdRegularized:drew two months


35


wages $22.

19th 20th 21st


22

had a grand review
and inspection by—
General Joseph E. Johson

23rd 24th 25th 26th

had a General inspection of
Cummings Brigade

27th 28th

had a Grand
review of the army of
Tennessee. General J.E.
Johnson still command
all quiet in front except
a few pickets fighting
amounted to great --
excitement -

29

all quie

30th 31:

the 39 Ga.
Regt.Regimentwent in Dalton


36

as Police guard
to remain one week

February the 1st-6th

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
that nigtRegularized:night Browns
Brigade of Stevenson
Division left on

the train for below

6 and up to the 22

remaindRegularized:remained in camp
all quiet in our
front

23

got orders to
be ready to move
at a moments
warning about
12, oclock weeRegularized:we star
ted,
Regularized:started
and movd
one mile north of


37

Dalton. their
remaindRegularized:remained in line
all night - no figh
ting
Regularized:fighting
done that night

24:

weeRegularized:we remaindRegularized:remained still
all day: their was
some heavy skirmish
ing
Regularized:skirmishing
done in front
in the evningRegularized:evening

25

moved at 2 oclock
up to Aults
Mills in the East
Teness R.RoadTennessee Railroad
VallyRegularized:Valley their remaindRegularized:remained
all day. weeRegularized:we put out
Skirmishers as soon
as we arrived their
the skirmishg soon
began verryRegularized:very heavily


38

at 3 oclock in
the evningRegularized:evening their
was a heavy assault
made on our brigesRegularized:bridges
whitchRegularized:which was checked
sevrelRegularized:several killed. and
a great maneyRegularized:many +
wounded: the firing
was kept up till --
dark) then evry
thing
Regularized:evrything/everything
was quiet. the
hills was illuminated
with fire: #
at a at 9 oclock
that night the enemy
left: their position
on their right left
and fell back --
Some 5 miles


39

26.

all things was
more quiet: their
was some skirmishing
done all through the
day

27.

all things quiet
our scouts falerdRegularized:followed
up the enemy to
Varnells Station --

28

Re at -
All of the army
went back to their
old camps: and
rested their without
any male station

29

remaindRegularized:remained in
camp, all quiet


40

March the
1,2,3,4
1864

had a General
Grand review of Hardees
old Corps. Commanded
by Lieut Lieutenant General Hood

5,6

had a General
inspection and review
in the evningRegularized:evening General
Hood rode through
our camps —

7 up to the 16th

had a sham--
Battle of Hoods
Corps. it was for-
med
Regularized:formed
in to double
line of Battle. it
was composed of
Artillery and Inttftre
it was a grand [Illegible: siege]


41

up to the 22

had
a big canon fight
the boyesRegularized:boys had
some heavy —
charges in camps

28 30 31.

had some
Skirmishing up above
[Illegible: Grinell] Hall, some

was wounded;

April 1st 1864
1 2 3 4 5 6
7th

Hardees Corps had
a sham battle at
Dalton Georgia the
[Illegible: Gurkus] had one on
the same day.

8th

had fast day
Proclaimed by Congss.Congress


42

RemaindRegularized:Remained in camp
untill the 15th., then was
Detailed, the 39th Ga. RegtGeorgia Regiment
and the 32nd Tenn Regt Tennessee Regiment
to work on fortifycationsRegularized:fortifications
up on the East. TennTennessee & GaGeorgia
RailRoad: where weeRegularized:we did
make some noble trenches
whitchRegularized:which, will be seen in
after years to come

20th

had a Grand GenGeneral.
Review of the army of
,Tennessee, by Joseph E.
Johnston

25th

got orders to be
Ready to move to
the front.

26th

left
camp and marched
some 4 miles north


43

of Dalton and Bivrack
in the woods. alongside
of Crow Creek the
whole Division camped
their.

29th.

at 10 oclock A.M. weeRegularized:we
got orders to march to
the front: immediately
weeRegularized:we marchtRegularized:marched about a -
mile and stayed in
line about an hour.
then weeRegularized:we marchtRegularized:marched back to
our camping ground.

May 1864
1st

our company went
on picket to the front
some theeRegularized:three miles from
camp.


44

2nd

their was a heavy
skirmish took place
between the yankees
scouts and our cavelry
their was six or seven
cannons fired in the line
of it - the yankees Run
into Grimel Hill and
back again ——

4,

witnessed 4 men shot
in our Division they blon
ged
Regularized:blonged/belonged
to the 58th N.C.
Regt
North Carolina Regiment
Charge Desertion

5 & 6

their was an allarm
made last night and
the Troops was ordered
into the DichesRegularized:Ditches;
working on the DichesRegularized:Ditches
Daily with a whole Brigade


45

May 1864
7th

went in line of
battle and Bivoucked
in the line of Trenches
on the Proximity of
the enemy. their was
skirmishing done all
in front with the
cavalry. all quiet at
Dark remaindRegularized:remained [Illegible: sullen]

8

night: next mor
ning
Regularized:morning
awoke up at day
Brake
Regularized:daybrake/daybreak
all things [...]
ered a sweet breeze [...]
[...] the sun Rose Clear and
Beautifuly: but shortly
after the day began the
skirmishers commenced
firing a a tolerable
Brisk fire ensued.


46

May

in the evening their
was some cannons engaged
in the action; after
Night the enemy was
climbing the mountain
between Dalton & Grand Hill,
and forclearing the
treeseRegularized:trees on the face of the
mount. and planted
Batteries on the mount
above our Trenches
which was visible next
morning. as the daily
sun had rose. The sharp

9th

shooters did commence
with a brisk fire &
kept it up all day in
the eve the enemy
showed themselves


47

X:
three lines deep
in advance. then
the batteries turned in
on them; they halted
when they got in five
hundred yards of our
dichesRegularized:ditches: at dark our
Pickits was going out
and two three of them
was wounded (among
them was CaptCaptain [Illegible: Opelon]
Comd. RegtCommander of Regiment.) all quiet
that night in front

10

the day Broke upon
us with heavy skirm
ishin.
Regularized:skirmishin/skirmishing
There was some
cannonading through
the day. Their was a
verryRegularized:very heavy fight on
the left [Illegible: firing] it


48

terminated in all
quiet that night
their came a verryRegularized:very
hard rain that night
some three or four of the
enemy was killed and
two of our men by
skirmish fighting

11th

their was some heavy
Demonstrations made
on the left wing but
all failed. their was some
cannons fired in the centre
our picket line moves
up the enemy gives
way on our Right

12th

there was some cann
onading
Regularized:cannonading
on the left
in the evening [Illegible: Kindaxevs]


49

Division went some
three miles in front
of the Right wing but
came back before
Night. at dark weeRegularized:we
got orders to move at
once and renew all our
fires: there was a General
fallback that night
though it was all con
sealed
Regularized:consealed/concealed
from the enemy

next day 13th

When
our pickets left the line
the enemy began to
shell the works and
advance at about
12 oclock M there was
a brisk fire kept up
by the Cavalry and


50

the advance guard of
the enemy. they taken
Dalton with but few
lost. but did not capture
any government stores
but some broken X
waggonsRegularized:wagons their flank
movement cauesedRegularized:caused
us to fallback to
within three miles
of Resaca their weeRegularized:we
formed a line of
Battle and threw
up some breastworks
weeRegularized:we arrived at Resoca
on the 18th 19th
there was some brisk
fireingRegularized:firing done in the
morning in the


51

evening the enemy
made an assault
on our Gen line GenGeneral.
Hindmans Division
but was Repulsed +
at about sundown
Gen gen Brown's Brig
of Stevenson's Division
charged the enemy out
of his works but
that night the eneyRegularized:enemy
worked all night
as well as ourselves
and made some
Trenches. next day

15th

there was heavy
sharpshooting done
both lines being in
five hundred yards of each


52

otheRegularized:other in the evening
GenGeneral. Stovall Brigade
charged the enemy in
their works and was
Repulsed with heavy
loss their was ^a great
maneyRegularized:many men wounded
on the whole line --
at dark we was order
ed
Regularized:ordered
to evacuate the
DichesRegularized:Ditches. weeRegularized:we started off in
a brisk walk. Soon
after weeRegularized:we had left
the works. the enemy
commenced shelling
our works. then they
began an advance
on us. we was pushed
verryRegularized:very hard. our Rear


53

GueardRegularized:Guard was fighting
them verryRegularized:very hard

weeRegularized:we travailed nearly
all night wee till [...]
about one hour before
day xweeRegularized:we went to sleep
close by our arms
[...] [...] Ø Ø

16th

at 9 oclock AM
weeRegularized:we left the place of
our Repose and marched
till 12 oclock M and
Rested in line there
till one hour before
day then marched

17th

till about 9 oclock
A.M. and stopedRegularized:stopped. the -
enemyesRegularized:enemies advance was
so Rapid weeRegularized:we had to


54

form a line of battle
and they come in Range
of our guns. there was
a brisk cannonading
kept up till dusk +
then weeRegularized:we began to
Retire weeRegularized:we left that
night and marched
till next day about

18th

10 oclock A.M. weeRegularized:we
stopedRegularized:stopped in Casvill and
stayed all night

19th

about 10 oclock A.M.
orders come to get in
to lines immediately
weeRegularized:we formed our lines
and went to building
works; the enemy
skirmishing & cannonading


55

in the evening they run
in our skirmishers
and a brisk fire of --
musketry .& cannons was
kept up accross the
beautiful town of -
Cossvill till dark stopedRegularized:stopped
the fray

20th

that night the army
fell back below the
Hightower River the
enemy was quiet mute
all day

21st

we remained there: all day the
enemy did not
make their appearance
or an attacked that
day.


56

22nd

there was considera
ble
Regularized:considerable
sharpshooting on the
River by our pickets; the
enemy was trying to get
to the River x they burnt
Coopers Mills and Iron
works on the Hightower R.

23rd

all quiet in front but
some sharpshooting at long
intervals

24th

weeRegularized:we moved down the
River some three miles
and stayed all night - it
Rained verryRegularized:very hard that night

25th

weeRegularized:we left next morng
at day light in the dyre
ction
Regularized:dyrection/direction
of Dallas in Paulding
county. weeRegularized:we marchtRegularized:marched till
about 11 oclock verryRegularized:very hard


57

and then met up with
the enemy's skirmishers
weeRegularized:we formed a line of BatteRegularized:Battle
with our skirmishers between
us and the enemy. and marchtRegularized:marched
some two miles and
then formed our lines
and went to building
works of Logs: skirmishing

was soon began in half an
hour. The cannons began
to belch forth their iron
hail. the volies of Musketry
was sending forth the
ledend hail-storm, while
the enemy was gallanty chargenig
our lines; but met with such
unmoveableRegularized:unmovable force, that they
was abbidest to retire. but


58

leaving a heavy line
of sharpshooters close in
our front -- which annoyed
us a great deal by killing
and wounding so manny
of our men: they kept

up sharpshooting all —
night

26th

there was heavy skirmishing
and cannonading going on
all day sharpshooting all
night it was kept up till
27th it was about 4 oclock
One of the 27th then they
got a battery to play
on our lines. not over
two hundred yards off
which soon knocked
down our weak works


X
then it poured in
its iron hail of grape
cannister & shell & sollid
shot which was fatal to
a great many of our
troupsRegularized:troops: the line was
reinforced by three RegtsRegiments
the battle lasted till
Dark. then sharpshooting.
was done at intervals—
then our Division (Stevenson),

28th

was ordered to be ready
to move at once weeRegularized:we got
the orders at 11 ocloo'clock P.M. and
started at 3 oclock A.M.
weeRegularized:we marchtRegularized:marched some 6
miles on to our Right
then turned back and
came to the same part


of the line where weeRegularized:we
left from but and
stacked armes for Rest
there was some 700
prisinorsRegularized:prisoners
taken that day
with a number of small
arms. the killed and
wounded was great in our men
there was heavy fireingRegularized:firing going
on all night along the line
XX

29th

sharpshooting all day till
about 10 oclock in the night
the cannons pealdRegularized:pealed frothRegularized:forth
their deadly roar and
the musketry its constant
Rattle untill late in
the night then Slakened
off. the next day was not

30th

so much firing on the line.


59

31st

their was a charge made
on the enemies picket
line and[Illegible: run] them in
cannons was firing all
day. throughout the lines
sharpshooting all night

1st June.

the lines was more
quiet but skirmishing
going on all day. " -- in

the evningRegularized:evening Stevensons Divis
went to the front on
the Right and built
breastworks against day
light. weeRegularized:we had verryRegularized:very
good works

2nd

weeRegularized:we moved still
fatherRegularized:farther to the Right. their
was a hard rain came
on us while in the DichesRegularized:Ditches


60

all the Soldiers got
verryRegularized:very wet weeRegularized:we had to
move in the time of
it: there was some few
shell threw close to our line

3rd

shelling was going on
all day sharpshooting hea
vyly
Regularized:heavyly/heavily
all day and night
RaineyRegularized:Rainy and wet -

4th

some few shells was th
rown
Regularized: thrown
through the day;
sharpshooting goingingRegularized:going
all day and night;
it Rained verryRegularized:very hard
that night. The Army
fell back at 10 oclock
the Roads wasn't a [Illegible: terr
ably
Regularized:terrably/terribly
] fit for traveling.
the infrentryRegularized:infantry & waggonsRegularized:wagons


61

and Artillery cutting
up the Roads so it got
to be nearly impossible
weeRegularized:we went some four
4th miles. and camped for
the waggonsRegularized:wagons & artillery to
catch-up;
and formed

5th

a line of Battle and
went to building breast
works.
Regularized:breastworks
nas

6th

it Rained a heavy
Rain all quiet in front

7th

all quiet in our front
Cummings Brigade went
out and Relieved General
Pettre's Brigade on Picket
Duty in front of the [Illegible: Dichs ]

8th

at early dawn of
day we got orders to


62

move up to the Right
we Rested on the Wes
A R.Road

9th

building breastworks
all day. there was
a heavy fire kept up
for some time on our
Right the enemy
made some advance
on our lines.

10th

the morning broke
upon us quiet but
Rains be soon began to
fall. and sharp --
skirmishing with
some cannonading soon
began and lasted untill night fall.


63

11th

the enemy began
to advance their skir
mish
Regularized:skirmish
line. and building
breastworks all along
their lines they worked
all night. in the evenin
there was several cannons
fired on our left —
the lines was all quiet
that night.

12th

but early next mor
ning sharpshooting began
with cannonadeing Regularized:cannonading in
our front. rained
all day —

13th

skirmishing
all day with cannon
adeing
Regularized:cannonading
. wet and
RaineyRegularized:Rainy.


64

14th

Luit Gen.Lieutenant General Polk
was killed with a shell
from the enemies Battery
weeRegularized:we moved a mile or
two to the Right of
our lines and camped
in line of Battle

15th

heavy Cannonading
and skirmishing done
on the lines. the enemy
charged our picket line
and captured and
killed and wounded
several of our men
from Clayton's. Brigade

16th

heavy sharpshooting
with cannonading —
the enemy moves to
our Right.+


65

17th

the enemy attemps
an assault on our
lines (but was checked
by the Movements &
cheering of our troops

he turns his coursRegularized:course to
our left. + ——

18th

weeRegularized:we Stevensons Division
left the Right of the
Rail Road and moved to
the left of Kenesaw
mountain.
there stopedRegularized:stopped
for the grater portion
of the day it rained
verryRegularized:very hard. All the
day long. There was heavy
Picket fighting with verryRegularized:very
heavy cannonading.
throughout the dy X


66

weeRegularized:we left our point
and marchtRegularized:marched through
Marietta and back
in the Rear of Kenesaw
Mount X there camptRegularized:camped
for the night —

19th

went in to line

of Battle and went to
erecting Works some
three miles north of
Marietta it rained very
hard through the day
skirmishing going
on all day -

20th

a heavy Battle ecur
ed
Regularized:ecured/occurred
on our Right. Hardees
Corps was engaged. sever
al
Regularized:several
men were killed &
wounded. a few prisinorsRegularized:prisoners


67

taken. the Battle
lasted untill Dark —
it was raining all
through the day the
Roads almost impossible
for an Army of any
strength. the enemy
moves

to our right left

21st

early in the mor
ning
Regularized:morning
we moved to our
left went through
Merietta ee and stopedRegularized:stopped
two miles west of
town and stayed
all night:

Tis yours this present
to improve
Its worth depends on you

70

June 1864
22

very warm day
much action
& maneuvering
on field All
morning.

At 5 oclock
afternoon our
line charged
the Cummings
works
Captured two
lines of ditches
the third &
last line was
too well for
tified
Regularized:fortified
& manned,
our line not
getting any
support


71

had to falter
under the
withering
fire from
the enemy's
cross lines
& batteries.

X One third of
our RegtRegiment. lay
bleeding
upon the fatal
field----

Was in 30
yards of
works of
when Rec'dreceived
wounds which
caused loss
of left arm X1


72

Capt. Captain[Illegible: Forray]
commandgcommanding
company
was killed,
then ensued
my sufferings
& long stay
in hospital
for first time
in life +2


73-74


75-76


77-78


79-80


81-82


83-84


85-86


87-88


89-90


91-92


93-94


95-96


95-96


101

July 23d 1866

W.H. Brooker Dr fors
To L M Speers

To 1 candle stkstick 35 25
To 8 candles 50 50
To 8 stamps 25 25
100 100

July 31st

W.H. Brooker Dr

To 1 bottle oil .30
To five Envelopes. 5 85
35

Aug 19th 1866

W.H. Brooker Dr

To 50 cts Stamps .50 .50

Aug. 27th 1866

W.H. Brooker Dr for self

To 8 candles @.50 .50

102

1866 Aug 27th

W.H. Brooker Dr

To .50 cash for Express p'ksgspackages .50

Sept 6th 1866

W.H. Brooker - Dr

To 6 yds Hmspun @25 1.50
To 1 yd LinnenRegularized:Linen 1.25
To 1 for socks 50
Tp 1 doz. buttons 20
To 1 bunch tape
34.5 3.45
Blk. 20cts .20

Sept 21 1866

to 2 nutmegs 10

103

for Room
[Illegible: 4 lamps] 2.50
1gallon of oil 2.00
1 shade .50


104

Received of
B. E. Reese 2.00
for payment toward
the room

Tis yours this present
to improve
Its worth depends on you
A trifle if you do not love
A treasure if you

105

[Illegible: T.A. Hamilton
shade for
rooms 2.00
B.E. Reese paid
2.00
W.H. Brooker 2.00
for sack of flour 1.50
for B - 1.00
for B 1.20]


106

[Illegible: 2 Yearday]


107

End




W.H. Brooker
on [Illegible: post ]
found of Cummings to [...]
may the 10th 1864
On skirmish in front of Cummings
Brigade to [...]
[...]




Rice University
Date: 2010-06-07
Available through the Creative Commons Attribution license