Message from the President of the United States: Communicating a letter from the minister of the United States at London, with reference to the treaty of annexation with Texas: 28th Congress, First Session: [No.] 367 [Senate] [Digital Version]

Bibliographic Information

United States. President (1841-1845: Tyler) and United States. Embassy (Great Britain), Message from the President of the United States (June 6, 1844)

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Title: Message from the President of the United States: Communicating a letter from the minister of the United States at London, with reference to the treaty of annexation with Texas: 28th Congress, First Session: [No.] 367 [Senate] [Digital Version]
Funding from: Funding for the creation of this digitized text is provided by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
  • United States. President (1841-1845: Tyler)
  • United States. Embassy (Great Britain)
Statements of responsibility:
  • Creation of digital images: Center for Digital Scholarship, Rice University
  • Creation of transcription: Dr. Melissa Bailar, Associate Director, Humanities Research Center
  • Conversion to TEI-conformant markup: Rice University
  • Parsing and proofing: Humanities Research Center and Fondren Library, Rice University
  • Subject analysis and assignment of taxonomy terms: Alice Rhoades
Publisher: Rice University, Houston, Texas
Publication date: 2010-06-07
Identifier: aa00285
Availability: This digital text is publicly available via the Americas Digital Archive through the following Creative Commons attribution license: “You are free: to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work; to make derivative works; to make commercial use of the work. Under the following conditions: By Attribution. You must give the original author credit. For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above.”
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Provenance: The Humanities Research Center at Rice University, under the direction of Dr. Caroline Levander, purchased this material from a manuscripts dealer in 2005. The Gilder Foundation funded the development of the physical archive. Original materials are housed at the Woodson Research Center, Rice University.
Description: U.S. Congressional publication. Transmitted by John Tyler, President. Includes correspondence by Edward Everett. 2 pp.
Abstract: The U.S. Serial set is a specially bound, consecutively numbered version of all House and Senate reports and documents. Many, but not all, of the government documents in the Americas archive come originally from the U.S. Serial set, although were bound together at some later point into the collection that is now represented in this collection.
Source(s): United States. President (1841-1845: Tyler) and United States. Embassy (Great Britain), Message from the President of the United States (June 6, 1844)
Source Identifier: Americas collection, 1811-1920, MS 518, Box 3 folder 20 item 52.23, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University. Contact info:
Description of the project: This digitized text is part of the Our Americas Archive Partnership (OAAP) project.
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This text has been encoded based on recommendations from Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Any comments on editorial decisions for this document are included in footnotes within the document with the author of the note indicated. All digitized texts have been verified against the original document. Quotation marks have been retained. For printed documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. No corrections or normalizations have been made, except that hyphenated, non-compound words that appear at the end of lines have been closed up to facilitate searching and retrieval. For manuscript documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. We have recorded normalizations using the reg element to facilitate searchability, but these normalizations may not be visible in the reading version of this electronic text
Languages used in the text: English
Text classification
Keywords: Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus
  • Government publications
Keywords: Library of Congress Subject Headings
  • Texas--Annexation to the United States
  • Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846
  • United States--Foreign relations--Great Britain
  • Great Britain--Foreign relations--United States
Keywords: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
  • Texas (state)
  • United States (nation)
  • Great Britain (nation)
  • London (inhabited place)

28th CONGRESS, 1st Session. [SENATE.] [367]

A letter from the minister of the United States at London, with reference
to the treaty of annexation with Texas.

JUNE 6, 1844.
Read; and ordered, that the injunction of secrecy be removed from the message and letter, and
that they be printed for the use of the Senate.

To the Senate of the United States:

I herewith transmit to the Senate, with reference to previous Executive
communications to that body relating to the same subject, the copy of a
letter recently received at the Department of State from the minister of the
United States at London.



I duly received, by the steamer of the 1st, your despatch No. 85,
transmitting the printed document containing the treaty relative to the annexation
of Texas, with the accompanying papers submitted to the Senate,
together with your subsequent correspondence with Mr. Pakenham.

I have delayed acknowledging the receipt of these most important papers
to this the last day of writing by the steamer, in the expectation that
some communication might be made to me on the subject by Lord Aberdeen,
to be transmitted to you. This, however, is not the case.

You will perceive, by the papers of this morning, that some conversation
arose in the House of Lords last evening in reference to the treaty, on occasion
of a question put by Lord Brougham to Lord Aberdeen. Lord
Brougham assigned as a reason for his inquiry, that the conversation between
Lord Aberdeen and himself on the 18th of August last had been (as
he gathered from the documents which had appeared in the papers) deemed
highly significant by the Government of the United States, and stated
that it was far from his intention in what he then said to counsel any interference
with slavery as existing in the United States.

Lord Aberdeen was very reserved in his reply. He stated that the annexation
of Texas raised a question, as he believed, new and unexampled


in the history of public law, which demanded and would receive the earliest
and most serious attention of Her Majesty's Government. There was
no doubt that the treaty was signed, but he shared with Lord Brougham
the hope and belief that it would not be ratified; but it was impossible to
speak with confidence on such a point.

The question to which Lord Aberdeen referred as “new and unexampled
in the history of public law,” was not stated by him, but, from the
remarks with which Lord Brougham commenced, as reported in this morning's
papers, may be inferred to be, the effect of a union between two separate
independent States on their previously existing relations with other

In reply to a further question from Lord Brougham, Lord Aberdeen said
that the explanation which he had made of their conversation of the 18th
of August had been correctly reported by me, (a matter of necessity, I
may observe, with the precaution which I took of submitting the memorandum
to his inspection,) and that he had confirmed it in a despatch to
Mr. Pakenham, alluding apparently to that of the 26th of December, 1843,
of which a copy was furnished to Mr. Upshur.

The intelligence of the treaty has been less a subject of comment on the
part of the press than might perhaps have been expected, at least in the
papers which I see. It seems to have taken the public generally by surprise,
and the conductors of the press are probably waiting for further information,
and for suggestions in Parliament as to the ground to be taken
by the Government and the leaders of the Opposition. There is an article
on the subject in the “Times,” this morning, which, like most of the comments
of that journal on American affairs, is of a hostile and acrimonious
character. It is probable that the steamer which sails to-morrow will take
out some instructions from this Government to Mr. Pakenham, under which
he will communicate to you the views they are disposed to take of the
treaty. I infer this from not having received any such communication

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JOHN C. CALHOUN, Esq., Secretary of State.

Rice University
Date: 2010-06-07
Available through the Creative Commons Attribution license