A Proclamation by the President of the United States [Digital Version]

Bibliographic Information

United States. President (1861-1865: Lincoln), A Proclamation by the President of the United States (January 2, 1863)

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Title: A Proclamation by the President of the United States [Digital Version]
Alternate Title: Original Emancipation Proclamation as issued in General Orders #1, Jan. 2, 1863
Funding from: Funding for the creation of this digitized text is provided by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Author: United States. President (1861-1865: Lincoln)
Statements of responsibility:
  • Creation of digital images: Center for Digital Scholarship, Rice University
  • Creation of transcription: Carolyn Adams, Project Coordinator, Humanities Research Center
  • Conversion to TEI-conformant markup: Rice University
  • Parsing and proofing: Humanities Research Center and Fondren Library, Rice University
  • Subject analysis and assignment of taxonomy terms: Melissa Torres
Publisher: Rice University, Houston, Texas
Publication date: 2010-06-07
Identifier: aa00162
Availability: This digital text is publicly available via the Americas Digital Archive through the following Creative Commons attribution license: “You are free: to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work; to make derivative works; to make commercial use of the work. Under the following conditions: By Attribution. You must give the original author credit. For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above.”
Notes:
Digitization: Page images of the original document are included. Images exist as archived TIFF files, JPEG versions for general use, and thumbnail GIFs.
Provenance: Gifts of Mr. and Mrs. James Lanier Britton, 1971.
Source(s): United States. President (1861-1865: Lincoln), A Proclamation by the President of the United States (January 2, 1863)
Source Identifier: Britton Collection of Early Texas and U.S. Civil War documents, 1597-1903, MS 009, Box 1 folder 5, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University. (preferred citation). Contact info: woodson@rice.edu
Description of the project: This digitized text is part of the Our Americas Archive Partnership (OAAP) project.
Editorial practices
This text has been encoded based on recommendations from Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Any comments on editorial decisions for this document are included in footnotes within the document with the author of the note indicated. All digitized texts have been verified against the original document. Quotation marks have been retained. For printed documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. No corrections or normalizations have been made, except that hyphenated, non-compound words that appear at the end of lines have been closed up to facilitate searching and retrieval. For manuscript documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. We have recorded normalizations using the reg element to facilitate searchability, but these normalizations may not be visible in the reading version of this electronic text
Languages used in the text: English
Text classification
Keywords: Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus
  • Broadsides
Keywords: Library of Congress Subject Headings
  • Slaves--Emancipation--United States
  • United States. President (1861-1865: Lincoln). Emancipation Proclamation.
Keywords: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
  • United States (nation)


GENERAL ORDERS,
No. 1.
WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,

The following Proclamation by the President is published for the
information and government of the Army and all concerned:

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
A PROCLAMATION.

WHEREAS, on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a Proclamation was
issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other
things, the following, to wit:

“That, on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any
State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in
rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and
forever, free; and the Executive government of the United States, including
the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and
maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress
such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for
their actual freedom:

“That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by
proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which
the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the
United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall,
on that day, be in good faith represented in the Congress of the United
States, by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the
qualified voters of such States shall have participated, shall, in the absence
of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence
that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion, against
the United States:”

Now, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the United States,
by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-chief of the Army
and Navy of the United States, in time of actual armed rebellion against
the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and
necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first
day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do, publicly
proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days from the day first
above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts of States
wherein the people thereof, respectively, are this day in rebellion against
the United States, the following, to wit:

Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the parishes of St. Bernard,
Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension,
Assumption, Terre Bonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans,
including the city of New Orleans,) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida,
Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia, (except the
forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties
of Berkeley, Accomae, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess
Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth,) and
which excepted parts are for the present left precisely as if this Proclamation
were not issued.

And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order
and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States
and parts of States are and henceforward shall be free; and that the
Executive government of the United States, including the military and
naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of
said persons.

And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain
from all violence, unless in necessary self-defence; and I recommend to
them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable
wages.

And I further declare and make known that such persons, of suitable
condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States
to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels
of all sorts in said service.

And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice warranted
by the Constitution upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate
judgment of mankind and the gracious favor of Almighty God.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal
of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington this first day of January, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of
[L. S.] the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-seventh.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
By the President:
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:
L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.




Rice University
Date: 2010-06-07
Available through the Creative Commons Attribution license