Proclamation of President Pedro Molina to the citizens of the United Provinces of the Center of America, Guatemala, July 10, 1823 [Translation]

Bibliographic Information

Molina, Pedro, 1777-1854, Ciudadanos de las provincias unidas del Centro de America (July 10, 1823)

File description (Bibliographic Info)Encoding description (Editorial Principles)Profile description (Subject Terms)Revision description (Revision History)
Title: Proclamation of President Pedro Molina to the citizens of the United Provinces of the Center of America, Guatemala, July 10, 1823 [Translation]
Funding from: Funding for the creation of this digitized text is provided by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Author: Molina, Pedro, 1777-1854
Statements of responsibility:
  • Creation of digital images: Center for Digital Scholarship, Rice University
  • Creation of translation: Cecilia Bonnor
  • Conversion to TEI-conformant markup: Center for Digital Scholarship, Rice University
  • Parsing and proofing: Humanities Research Center and Fondren Library, Rice University
  • Subject analysis and assignment of taxonomy terms: Robert Estep, Cataloger
Publisher: Rice University, Houston, Texas
Publication date: 2010-06-07
Identifier: aa00024tr
Availability: This digital text is publicly available via the Americas Digital Archive through the following Creative Commons attribution license: “You are free: to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work; to make derivative works; to make commercial use of the work. Under the following conditions: By Attribution. You must give the original author credit. For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above.”
Digitization: Page images of the original document are included. Images exist as archived TIFF files, JPEG versions for general use, and thumbnail GIFs.
Translation: This document is an English translation of the "Ciudadanos de las provincias unidas del Centro de America." Translated by Cecilia Bonnor. The language of the original document is Spanish.
Provenance: The Humanities Research Center at Rice University, under the direction of Dr. Caroline Levander, purchased this material from a manuscripts dealer in 2005. The Gilder Foundation funded the development of the physical archive. Original materials are housed at the Woodson Research Center, Rice University.
Description: Printed document, 3pp, Folio.
Source(s): Molina, Pedro, 1777-1854, Ciudadanos de las provincias unidas del Centro de America (July 10, 1823)
Source Identifier: Americas collection, 1811-1920, MS 518, Box 2 folder 07 item 03, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University. Contact info:
Description of the project: This digitized text is part of the Our Americas Archive Partnership (OAAP) project.
Editorial practices
This text has been encoded based on recommendations from Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Any comments on editorial decisions for this document are included in footnotes within the document with the author of the note indicated. All digitized texts have been verified against the original document. Quotation marks have been retained. For printed documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. No corrections or normalizations have been made, except that hyphenated, non-compound words that appear at the end of lines have been closed up to facilitate searching and retrieval. For manuscript documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. We have recorded normalizations using the reg element to facilitate searchability, but these normalizations may not be visible in the reading version of this electronic text
Languages used in the text: English
Text classification
Keywords: Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus
  • Broadsides
Keywords: Library of Congress Subject Headings
  • Central America--Politics and government--1821-1951
  • Guatemala--Politics and government--1821-1945
Keywords: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
  • Central America (general region)
  • Guatemala (nation)
Revision/change: Lorena Gauthereau-Bryson 2009
  • Edited
  • Converted from P4 to P5


Your executive power has been put in place. The day has arrived when you would hear the voice of your fellow citizens, who you have empowered with the supreme power and who will fulfill your will, which was declared by the constituent national assembly. Until now, you had never been able to exert control over your destiny and, for many decades, you were not granted the right to cast a free vote regarding any of the rights that the Supreme Being had given you.

Your actions had been bound to the sad yoke of slavery. For many long years, you worked at the discretion of others and strictly for their benefit, thus exhausting your energies to ensure the survival of enemies living a thousand leagues away, who were opposed to your freedom. Now, you may raise your arms in freedom to decide the course of events in the nation and so that

agricultural workers will move forward in the harvesting of abundant fruits that nature has offered you, so that you may derive benefits from them by living in a dignified and restful manner. This is the arm of the executive power. If you want the executive power to carry out a free and steadfast action, that will fulfill your hopes, then you must assist in its duties. Fellow citizens, patriotism is essential. You must march together as one for the common good and you must not refuse to make sacrifices that will impinge on the noble objective of preserving the sovereignty of the state. The homeland lies in the dust where sad slavery left it sadly humiliated–without a government, without enlightenment, without agriculture, without art, without commerce. Yet the homeland possesses a fertile land, which no one could take from it; now it is its children’s job to shape it into a free and opulent nation, through their efforts. To achieve these objectives, you will be guided by your assembly and the executive power will make a zealous effort to carry out the goals of its beneficent actions. Walking in an orderly manner, with a firm resolve in our political march, we will have no doubt that we shall achieve the desired result.

Free commerce, civil liberties, and other liberties that do not clash with

the healthy morals you profess, will guarantee your happiness from now on. You are now proprietors and your interests will be respected based on your contributions to the survival of the State. You are now free and your persons will be respected as long as you respect the law. Within this country, you will no longer see conquistadors or usufructuaries, who come here to tear you away from the goods of your land. From this day forward, you and your children will enjoy the fruits of the bounty as long as you love the union and peace, as long as you remain good, law-abiding patriots. Honor and bounty shall be the rewards of hard work, merit, and virtue.

From now on, then, you must aspire to this objective, fellow citizens, by working together to preserve liberty and the independence of the homeland. National Palace of Guatemala, July 10, 1823. Third year of independence and first year of freedom.

= Pedro Molina, President. = Julio Vicente Villacorta. = Antonio Rivera Cavezas.

Rice University
Date: 2010-06-07
Available through the Creative Commons Attribution license