PLAN OF THE COLONEL AGUSTIN ITURBIDE1
Copy of the Supplement to Number 14 of the Abeja Poblana2
Plan or indications to the government that must be provisionally installed with the
objective of ensuring our sacred religion and establishing the independence of the
Mexican Empire: and it will have the title of the North American Government Junta,4
proposed by Colonel Agustin de Iturbide to his Excellency, the
Viceroy of , Count del Venadito.
- 1st. The Religion of New Spain is and shall be Catholic, apostolic and Roman, without
toleration of any other.
- 2nd. New Spain is independent of the old and of any other power, including those within
- 3rd. Its Government shall be a Monarchy moderated by the Kingdom’s particular and
- 4th. Its Emperor will be Fernando VII, and if he does not personally present
himself to take the oath in Mexico within the term prescribed by the Courts, his Most
Serene Highness, the Prince Carlos, Francisco de Paulo, Archduke Carlos, or
another individual of the Royal Household that the Congress considers suitable will be
called upon to take his place.
- 5th.While the courts convene, a Junta will meet to assure compliance with the plan in all
- 6th. Said Junta, which will be designated as Governing, must be composed of
representatives, as dictated by his Excellency, the Viceroy’s official letter.
- 7th. While Fernando VII presents himself in Mexico to be sworn in, the Junta
will govern in the name of His Majesty by virtue of its oath to remain loyal to
the nation; however the orders that he may have imparted will be suspended during the
time in which he is not sworn in.
- 8th. If Fernando VII does not consider it worthwhile to come to Mexico, the
Junta or the Regency shall rule in the name of the nation while the issue of the
Emperor to be crowned is resolved.
- 9th. This government shall be supported by the army of the three guaranties that will be
- 10. The courts shall resolve the continuation of the Junta, or its substitution with a
Regency if deemed necessary, while awaiting the person who should be crowned.
- 11. The courts shall immediately establish the Constitution of the Mexican Empire.
- 12. All the inhabitants of New Spain, without any distinction between Europeans,
Africans, or Indians, are citizens of this Monarchy, and have access to all employment
according to their merits and virtues.
- 13. Every citizen’s person and his properties shall be respected and protected by the
- 14. The secular and regular cleric will be preserved in all its rights and pre-eminences.
- 15. The Junta shall assure that all the branches of the state remain without any alteration
and that all the political, ecclesiastic, civil, and military personnel [remain] in the same
state as they exist today. Only those that manifest dissent with the plan shall be removed,
replaced by those more distinguished by virtue and merit.
- 16. A protective army will be formed that shall be called [the army] of the three
guarantees, and it will take under its protection: first, the conservation of the Roman
Catholic apostolic Religion,
cooperating by all means that are within its reach so that there will be no mixing with any
other sect and opportunely attacking the enemies that could damage it; second, the
independence under the manifested system; third, the intimate union of Americans and
Europeans, thereby guaranteeing the bases so fundamental to the happiness of New
Spain, sacrificing their lives for all individuals, from the first to the last, before
consenting to their infringement.
- 17. The troops of the army will strictly observe the ordinances to the letter, and the
chiefs and officers will continue to operate under the same laws as they do today: that is,
in their respective classes with access to open employment as well as any posts that will
be vacated by those who do not wish to toe the line, or for any other cause, and with
access for those that are considered of necessity or convenience.
- 18. The troops of said army shall be considered regular troops.
- 19. The same will take place with those that follow this plan. Those that do not differ,
those of the system prior to the independence that join said army immediately, and the
countrymen who intend to enlist, shall be considered national militia troops, and the
Courts shall dictate all forms for the kingdom’s domestic and foreign security.
- 20. Employment will be granted according to the true merit by virtue of reports from the
respective chiefs and provisionally in the name of the Nation.
- 21. While the Courts are being established, delinquencies will be processed in total
agreement with the Spanish Constitution.
- 22. Conspiring against independence shall result in imprisonment without progressing to
any other action until the Courts decide the penalty for the gravest of the delinquencies
after that of Divine Majesty.
- 23. Those who encourage disunion shall be watched and shall be considered conspirators
- 24. Since the Courts to be installed shall be constituent, it is necessary that the deputies
receive sufficient powers to that effect; and furthermore as it is of great importance that
the voters know that their representatives will be for the Mexican Congress, and not for
Madrid, the Junta shall prescribe the just rules for the elections and shall indicate the time
necessary for them and for the opening of Congress. Since the elections may not be
verified in March, the terms will be stretched as long as possible.
Iguala, February 24, 1821 – This is a copy – Iturbide.
Printed in Puebla and reprinted in Mexico in the office of D. J. M, Benavente and Associates. Year 1821