Plan of Iguala [Translation]

Bibliographic Information

Iturbide, Agustin de, 1783-1824, Plan de Iguala (February 24, 1821)

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Title: Plan of Iguala [Translation]
Alternate Title: Plan of the Three Guarantees (Plan Trigarante); Plan del Señor Coronel D.Agustin Iturbide
Funding from: Funding for the creation of this digitized text is provided by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Author: Iturbide, Agustin de, 1783-1824
Statements of responsibility:
  • Creation of digital images: Center for Digital Scholarship, Rice University
  • Creation of translation: Cecilia Bonnor
  • Conversion to TEI-conformant markup: Lily Elise McKeage, Student Researcher, Humanities Research Center
  • Parsing and proofing: Humanities Research Center and Fondren Library, Rice University
  • Subject analysis and assignment of taxonomy terms: Robert Estep, Cataloger
Publisher: Rice University, Houston, Texas
Publication date: 2010-06-07
Identifier: aa00005tr
Availability: This digital text is publicly available via the Americas Digital Archive through the following Creative Commons attribution license: “You are free: to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work; to make derivative works; to make commercial use of the work. Under the following conditions: By Attribution. You must give the original author credit. For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above.”
Digitization: Page images of the original document are included. Images exist as archived TIFF files, JPEG versions for general use, and thumbnail GIFs.
Translation: This document is an English translation of the "Plan de Iguala." Translated by Cecilia Bonnor. The language of the original document is Spanish.
Provenance: The Humanities Research Center at Rice University, under the direction of Dr. Caroline Levander, purchased this material from a manuscripts dealer in 2005. The Gilder Foundation funded the development of the physical archive. Original materials are housed at the Woodson Research Center, Rice University.
Description: Printed document, 2pp. The first Mexico City printing of the Plan of Iguala.
Source(s): Iturbide, Agustin de, 1783-1824, Plan de Iguala (February 24, 1821)
Source Identifier: Americas collection, 1811-1920, MS 518, Box 3 folder 01, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University. Contact info:
Description of the project: This digitized text is part of the Our Americas Archive Partnership (OAAP) project.
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This text has been encoded based on recommendations from Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Any comments on editorial decisions for this document are included in footnotes within the document with the author of the note indicated. All digitized texts have been verified against the original document. Quotation marks have been retained. For printed documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. No corrections or normalizations have been made, except that hyphenated, non-compound words that appear at the end of lines have been closed up to facilitate searching and retrieval. For manuscript documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. We have recorded normalizations using the reg element to facilitate searchability, but these normalizations may not be visible in the reading version of this electronic text
Languages used in the text: English
Text classification
Keywords: Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus
  • Leaflets
Keywords: Library of Congress Subject Headings
  • Plan de Iguala
  • Mexico--Politics and government--1810-1821
  • Mexico--History--Wars of Independence, 1810-1821
Keywords: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
  • Mexico (nation)
Revision/change: Lorena Gauthereau-Bryson 2009
  • Edited
  • Converted from P4 to P5

Copy of the Supplement to Number 14 of the Abeja Poblana2

Plan or indications to the government that must be provisionally installed with the
objective of ensuring our sacred religion and establishing the independence of the
Mexican Empire: and it will have the title of the North American Government Junta,4
proposed by Colonel D.Don Agustin de Iturbide to his Excellency, the
Viceroy of N.S.New Spain, Count del Venadito.

  • 1st. The Religion of New Spain is and shall be Catholic, apostolic and Roman, without
    toleration of any other.
  • 2nd. New Spain is independent of the old and of any other power, including those within
    our Continent.
  • 3rd. Its Government shall be a Monarchy moderated by the Kingdom’s particular and
    flexible Constitution.
  • 4th. Its Emperor will be D.Don Fernando VII, and if he does not personally present
    himself to take the oath in Mexico within the term prescribed by the Courts, his Most
    Serene Highness, the Prince Carlos, D.Don Francisco de Paulo, Archduke Carlos, or
    another individual of the Royal Household that the Congress considers suitable will be
    called upon to take his place.
  • 5th.While the courts convene, a Junta will meet to assure compliance with the plan in all
  • 6th. Said Junta, which will be designated as Governing, must be composed of
    representatives, as dictated by his Excellency, the Viceroy’s official letter.
  • 7th. While D.Don Fernando VII presents himself in Mexico to be sworn in, the Junta
    will govern in the name of His Majesty by virtue of its oath to remain loyal to
    the nation; however the orders that he may have imparted will be suspended during the
    time in which he is not sworn in.
  • 8th. If D.Don Fernando VII does not consider it worthwhile to come to Mexico, the
    Junta or the Regency shall rule in the name of the nation while the issue of the
    Emperor to be crowned is resolved.
  • 9th. This government shall be supported by the army of the three guaranties that will be
    discussed later.
  • 10. The courts shall resolve the continuation of the Junta, or its substitution with a
    Regency if deemed necessary, while awaiting the person who should be crowned.
  • 11. The courts shall immediately establish the Constitution of the Mexican Empire.
  • 12. All the inhabitants of New Spain, without any distinction between Europeans,
    Africans, or Indians, are citizens of this Monarchy, and have access to all employment
    according to their merits and virtues.
  • 13. Every citizen’s person and his properties shall be respected and protected by the
  • 14. The secular and regular cleric will be preserved in all its rights and pre-eminences.
  • 15. The Junta shall assure that all the branches of the state remain without any alteration
    and that all the political, ecclesiastic, civil, and military personnel [remain] in the same
    state as they exist today. Only those that manifest dissent with the plan shall be removed,
    replaced by those more distinguished by virtue and merit.
  • 16. A protective army will be formed that shall be called [the army] of the three
    guarantees, and it will take under its protection: first, the conservation of the Roman
    Catholic apostolic Religion,


    cooperating by all means that are within its reach so that there will be no mixing with any
    other sect and opportunely attacking the enemies that could damage it; second, the
    independence under the manifested system; third, the intimate union of Americans and
    Europeans, thereby guaranteeing the bases so fundamental to the happiness of New
    Spain, sacrificing their lives for all individuals, from the first to the last, before
    consenting to their infringement.
  • 17. The troops of the army will strictly observe the ordinances to the letter, and the
    chiefs and officers will continue to operate under the same laws as they do today: that is,
    in their respective classes with access to open employment as well as any posts that will
    be vacated by those who do not wish to toe the line, or for any other cause, and with
    access for those that are considered of necessity or convenience.
  • 18. The troops of said army shall be considered regular troops.
  • 19. The same will take place with those that follow this plan. Those that do not differ,
    those of the system prior to the independence that join said army immediately, and the
    countrymen who intend to enlist, shall be considered national militia troops, and the
    Courts shall dictate all forms for the kingdom’s domestic and foreign security.
  • 20. Employment will be granted according to the true merit by virtue of reports from the
    respective chiefs and provisionally in the name of the Nation.
  • 21. While the Courts are being established, delinquencies will be processed in total
    agreement with the Spanish Constitution.
  • 22. Conspiring against independence shall result in imprisonment without progressing to
    any other action until the Courts decide the penalty for the gravest of the delinquencies
    after that of Divine Majesty.
  • 23. Those who encourage disunion shall be watched and shall be considered conspirators
    against independence.
  • 24. Since the Courts to be installed shall be constituent, it is necessary that the deputies
    receive sufficient powers to that effect; and furthermore as it is of great importance that
    the voters know that their representatives will be for the Mexican Congress, and not for
    Madrid, the Junta shall prescribe the just rules for the elections and shall indicate the time
    necessary for them and for the opening of Congress. Since the elections may not be
    verified in March, the terms will be stretched as long as possible.

Iguala, February 24, 1821 – This is a copy – Iturbide.
Printed in Puebla and reprinted in Mexico in the office of D. J. M, Benavente and Associates. Year 1821

Rice University
Date: 2010-06-07
Available through the Creative Commons Attribution license