Special Gazette of the Government, No. 37, announcing the celebratory news of the victory over the Spaniards at the Battle of Ayacucho, April 27, 1825 [Translation]

Bibliographic Information

Gaceta Extraordinaria del Gobierno, Num. 37, anunciando la celebración de la victoria sobre los españoles en la Batalla de Ayacucho, 27 de abril 1825 (Imprenta del Estado por J. Gonzales, April 27, 1825)

File description (Bibliographic Info)Encoding description (Editorial Principles)Profile description (Subject Terms)Revision description (Revision History)
Title: Special Gazette of the Government, No. 37, announcing the celebratory news of the victory over the Spaniards at the Battle of Ayacucho, April 27, 1825 [Translation]
Funding from: Funding for the creation of this digitized text is provided by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Statements of responsibility:
  • Creation of digital images: Center for Digital Scholarship, Rice University
  • Creation of translation: Cecilia Bonnor
  • Conversion to TEI-conformant markup: Lily Elise McKeage, Student Researcher, Humanities Research Center
  • Parsing and proofing: Humanities Research Center and Fondren Library, Rice University
  • Subject analysis and assignment of taxonomy terms: Robert Estep, Cataloger
Publisher: Rice University, Houston, Texas
Publication date: 2010-06-07
Identifier: aa00001tr
Availability: This digital text is publicly available via the Americas Digital Archive through the following Creative Commons attribution license: “You are free: to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work; to make derivative works; to make commercial use of the work. Under the following conditions: By Attribution. You must give the original author credit. For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above.”
Digitization: Page images of the original document are included. Images exist as archived TIFF files, JPEG versions for general use, and thumbnail GIFs.
Translation: This document is an English translation of the "Gaceta Extraordinaria del Gobierno." Translated by Cecilia Bonnor. The language of the original document is Spanish.
Provenance: The Humanities Research Center at Rice University, under the direction of Dr. Caroline Levander, purchased this material from a manuscripts dealer in 2005. The Gilder Foundation funded the development of the physical archive. Original materials are housed at the Woodson Research Center, Rice University.
Description: Printed document, 2pp, 12.25 x 8 inches. Announcing to Peruvians the state of peace reigning throughout the American continent.
Source(s): Gaceta Extraordinaria del Gobierno, Num. 37, anunciando la celebración de la victoria sobre los españoles en la Batalla de Ayacucho, 27 de abril 1825 (Imprenta del Estado por J. Gonzales, April 27, 1825)
Source Identifier: Americas collection, 1811-1920, MS 518, Box 1 folder 14, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University. Contact info: woodson@rice.edu
Description of the project: This digitized text is part of the Our Americas Archive Partnership (OAAP) project.
Editorial practices
This text has been encoded based on recommendations from Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Any comments on editorial decisions for this document are included in footnotes within the document with the author of the note indicated. All digitized texts have been verified against the original document. Quotation marks have been retained. For printed documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. No corrections or normalizations have been made, except that hyphenated, non-compound words that appear at the end of lines have been closed up to facilitate searching and retrieval. For manuscript documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. We have recorded normalizations using the reg element to facilitate searchability, but these normalizations may not be visible in the reading version of this electronic text
Languages used in the text: English
Text classification
Keywords: Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus
  • Broadsides
Keywords: Library of Congress Subject Headings
  • Peru--Politics and government--1820-1829
Keywords: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
  • Peru (nation)
Revision/change: Lorena Gauthereau-Bryson 2009
  • Edited
  • Converted from P4 to P5


NUM. 37.

Wednesday, 27th of April, 1825-6.th and 4.th

The celebratory news, which we have the
pleasure of announcing in selected locations,
clearly leave very little room for doubt concerning
the overall and irrevocable state of happiness
throughout Peru, as well as the feeling of peace
being felt throughout the American continent.
General Olañeta, who with his barbaric obduracy
intended to strengthen the chains that had been
solemnly destroyed in those glorious fields of
Ayacucho, has been soundly defeated. The division
over which he had control as well as his equipment
and weaponry are now under our possession, the
result of which has been the death of many and the
complete disabuse of those who placed their trust in
him. The only thing Olañeta achieved, though his
intention was to vanquish those who were free, was
a vivid and unwavering display of courage by those
who would defend sacred natural rights, that had
heretofore been threatened by the most tyrannical
of regimes. In such manner, the most horrific war
that generations of people have witnessed in
America has come to an end. The results of this war
have taught the heartless oppressors who subjugate
innocent people a terrible lesson.

The first cry for freedom uttered on the 10th of
April of 1810 in the immortal city of Caracas, had
already forecasted the historical achievements that
will be read about with much enthusiasm
concerning the liberation of Peru, as well as the
extraordinary efforts of the courageous ones from
Colombia, who have secured the happiness of these
areas. It was abundantly clear that the heroic Sucre
would liberate those lands from Spanish tyranny,
which became solidified in 1825 during the same
month of April so that the sons of the Sun came to
enjoy absolute freedom. Sucre traveled from the
farthest reaches of his homeland and marched a
long way in order to liberate his Peruvian brethren.
He has extinguished the enemies who would
undermine the prosperity of America and has
pursued them throughout to the farthest corners of
the Incan Empire. In like manner, the supreme
arbiter of human events directed a son from
Cumaná to travel from the farthest reaches of
northern Colombia and whose mission was the
destruction of those enemies who would harm its
prosperity within the most remote provinces in
Southern Peru. Because of supreme arbiter’s
decree, we are destined to enjoy the great wealth of
America, which has been set aside for men who are
worthy of being free. Such is the state of our
glorious struggle because of the slightest successes
throughout the most remote lands. Therefore, You
may be assured that Providence has opened the way
for America’s glorious march in a noteworthy and
dignified manner, for which every American is
eternally grateful. In April 1810, America started to
become free and, in April 1825, there was a day
destined for its irrevocable and complete
emancipation from the old tyrants. Additionally,
during the same day when the field marshal from
Ayacucho publicized such celebratory news, the
immortal Bolivar, who delegated the supreme
command to the current Government Council, was
in the process of presenting to the Capital of Peru a
testimonial concerning the great break-up, which
has been taken into account in all circumstances.
Such testimonial will be sufficient to eternalize his
memory, as if the significant actions that have
distinguished his record of public service and the
abundant benefits that he has bequeathed to
America were not enough to memorialize his name
for the sensible man who truly cares about the
welfare of humanity. After witnessing such a
solemn event, after observing the dispositions of
YYour EExcellency in touring the interior regions,
it was said that, due to a premonition reserved
without a doubt regarding the extraordinary
luminaries, a time of joy would be ushered in by
the extinction of the criminals that polluted this
small area of this land.

Therefore, I urge you to excoriate those who
continue to offer obstinate support of the empire of
inept and unknown Fernando within Peru, desiring
to stage the bloodiest scenes of violence in order to
emulate Pizarro’s compatriots. May the tragic end
of the unfortunate Olañeta serve as a punishment to
them. If their vicious drive prevents them from
emulating the generosity and gentleness of the
Americans, then no opposition


unless such action should be deemed so barbaric
and obstinate thus preventing their liberation from
an evil end that awaits them. Our future happiness
has been decided and we have been liberated in the
most irrevocable manner because there is no longer
any empire on earth with the capacity to enslave us.
In brief, those who with spiteful sentiment support
the strongholds of Callao, must experience the
same fate that served to humiliate those persons in
Tamosla who determined to oppose the sacred
cause of reason and justice.

Prefecture of the Department of Arequipa To the Secretary of State in the Department of War and Marine

Prefecture of the Department of Arequipa,

To the Secretary of State in the Departments of
War and the Marine.

Mr. Secretary,

= Based on the special bulletin I
received yesterday at 9 in the evening, the General
has communicated to me the following celebratory
The General Military Headquarters in Potosí
on the 29th of March of 1825.
To the General Prefect of the department of

Mr. General.—

The enemy General Mr.
Olañeta evacuated from this village yesterday, at
eleven o’clock, and today the Liberation Army
marched in. In his retreat, Olañeta has suffered the
loss of over a hundred men and the remaining four
hundred were taken out by force so that eight out of
fifteen officials that attempted to apprehend him
within the vicinity of Lava are still with us. After so
much destruction caused by General Valdés in
Chuquisaca, he went to Laguna to join Olañeta. He
is constantly being pursued by Mr. Colonel Lopez
and I have since been advised of the loss of over a
hundred of his men out of five hundred troops. I
can assure [Illegible: Your] LLordship that the war for
independence has ended forever. It is with great
pleasure that I advise [Illegible: Your] LLordship to publish
this news so that the people will behold the end of
the war and the beginning of liberty, justice and

— May God guard [Illegible: Your] LLordship.
—Antonio José de Sucre. I transcribe this information for your
satisfaction and so that it may please you to advise
His Excellency, the LIBERATOR.—May God guard
[Illegible: Your] LLordship.—Francisco de Paula Otero,



To the Secretary of War.

Mr. Secretary.—

The Colonel DDon Cárlos
Medina Celi, along with the troops under his
command, has declared the liberation of Chichas on
the thirtieth of March and on the first day of April,
he went on to attack General Olañeta, searching
him out from his stronghold in Vitiche and, having
located him in Tamusla, he had the following great
success.—To the Most Excellent Mr. Antonio José
de Sucre.—Filled with the greatest sense of joy, I
reach for a stylus to communicate with you
regarding the happy encounter I had with the
enemy yesterday General Olañeta and the troops
accompanying him. All of this will remain in my
power, including the area and the interests as well
as the aforementioned general, who finds himself
mortally wounded, due to his obstinate designs that
ultimately led to his misfortune.—After achieving
this victory, a capitulation has been proposed,
which humanity has demanded that I accede to the
virtuous cry and submission with which it was
proposed that I should enter, out of which all of
these events will give YYour EExcellency
individual reason, which may not be verified by
way of this, whereby I find myself dealing with the
chaos that has caused this war, the future of which
was finally determined at seven o’clock in the
evening.—During a moment of relief, I shall offer
YYour EExcellency an individual and detailed
account.—After concluding this account, I have
just received word of General Olañeta’s death.
—And I have the honor of communicating this news
to YYour EExcellency so that HHis EExcellency
may be informed of this as he had, since the 29th,
assured us of the end of the war within these

May God guard YYour Lordship.—A.J. de

Rice University
Date: 2010-06-07
Available through the Creative Commons Attribution license