Diflunisal inhibits prestin by chloride-dependent mechanism
Pereira, Fred A.
Raphael, Robert M.
The motor protein prestin is a member of the SLC26 family of anion antiporters and is essential to the electromotility of cochlear outer hair cells and for hearing. The only direct inhibitor of electromotility and the associated charge transfer is salicylate, possibly through direct interaction with an anion-binding site on prestin. In a screen to identify other inhibitors of prestin activity, we explored the effect of the non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug diflunisal, which is a derivative of salicylate. We recorded prestin activity by whole-cell patch clamping HEK cells transiently expressing prestin and mouse outer hair cells. We monitored the impact of diflunisal on the prestin-dependent non-linear capacitance and electromotility. We found that diflunisal triggers two prestin-associated effects: a chloride independent increase in the surface area and the specific capacitance of the membrane, and a chloride dependent inhibition of the charge transfer and the electromotility in outer hair cells. We conclude that diflunisal affects the cell membrane organization and inhibits prestin-associated charge transfer and electromotility at physiological chloride concentrations. The inhibitory effects on hair cell function are noteworthy given the proposed use of diflunisal to treat neurodegenerative diseases.
Citable link to this pagehttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/97403
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