One-body density matrix and momentum distribution of strongly interacting one-dimensional spinor quantum gases
The one-body density matrix (OBDM) and the momentum distribution of quantum many-body systems are usually very difficult to calculate. Here we develop a technique to calculate the OBDM and the momentum distribution of a general one-dimensional (1D) spinor quantum gas in the strong interaction regime. This technique relies on a remarkable connection between the OBDM of the spinor gas and that of a spinless 1D hard-core anyon gas, which allows us to efficiently calculate the OBDM of the spinor system with particle numbers much larger than what was previously possible. Given the OBDM, we can easily calculate the momentum distribution of the spinor system, which is also related to the momentum distribution of the hard-core anyon gas. Our study not only provides a practical method for the calculation of the OBDM, but also provides significant insights into the properties of 1D strongly interacting spinor quantum gases.