Strong $\mu$-Bases for Rational Tensor Product Surfaces and Extraneous Factors Associated to Bad Base Points and Anomalies at Infinity
We investigate conditions under which the resultant of a $\mu$-basis for a rational tensor product surface is the implicit equation of the surface without any extraneous factors. In this case, we also derive a formula for the implicit degree of the rational surface based only on the bidegree of the rational parametrization and the bidegrees of the elements of the $\mu$-basis without any knowledge of the number or multiplicities of the base points, assuming only that all the base points are local complete intersections. We conclude that in this case the implicit degree of a rational surface of bidegree $(m,n)$ is at most $mn$, so the rational surface must have at least $mn$ base points counting multiplicity. When the resultant of a $\mu$-basis generates extraneous factors, we show how to predict and compute these extraneous factors from either the existence of bad base points or anomalies occurring in the parametrization at infinity. Examples are provided to flesh out the theory.