Salivary biomarkers associated with myocardial necrosis: results from an alcohol septal ablation model
Objective: To determine if salivary biomarkers demonstrate utility for identifying aspects of myocardial necrosis. Methods: Twenty-one patients undergoing alcohol septal ablation (ASA) for treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy provided serum and unstimulated whole saliva at baseline and incremental time points post-ASA. Samples were analyzed for seven biomarkers related to myocardial damage, inflammation, and tissue remodeling using immunosorbent assays. Levels were compared with baseline and levels observed in 97 healthy controls. Results: Biomarkers of myocardial damage and inflammation (ie, troponin I, creatine kinase-MB, myoglobin, C-reactive protein) rose in serum 2- to 812-fold after ASA (P < .01). Significant elevations of 2.0- to 3.5-fold were observed with C-reactive protein and troponin I in saliva (P < .02). Significant correlations between levels in serum and saliva were observed for C-reactive protein, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and myeloperoxidase (P < .001). Conclusions: Select salivary biomarkers reflect changes that occur during, and subsequent to, myocardial necrosis caused by ASA.