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dc.contributor.advisor Pu, Han
dc.creatorDong, Lin
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-01T17:42:56Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-01T17:42:56Z
dc.date.created 2017-05
dc.date.issued 2017-04-19
dc.date.submitted May 2017
dc.identifier.citation Dong, Lin. "Synthetic Spin-Orbit and Light Field Coupling in Ultra-cold Quantum Gases." (2017) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/96068.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/96068
dc.description.abstract Ultra-cold quantum gases subjected to light-induced synthetic gauge potentials have become an emergent field of theoretical and experimental studies. Because of the novel application of two-photon Raman transitions, ultra-cold neutral atoms behave like charged particles in magnetic field. The Raman coupling naturally gives rise to an effective spin-orbit interaction which couples the atom’s center-of-mass motion to its selected pseudo-spin degrees of freedom. Combined with unprecedented controllability of interactions, geometry, disorder strength, spectroscopy, and high resolution measurement of momentum distribution, etc., we are truly in an exciting era of ful- filling and going beyond Richard Feynman’s vision of realizing quantum simulators to better understand the quantum mechanical nature of the universe, manifested immensely in the ultra-cold regimes. In this dissertation, we present a collection of theoretical progresses made by the doctoral candidate and his colleagues and collaborators. From the past few years of work, we mainly address three aspects of the synthetic spin-orbit and light field induced coupling in ultracold quantum gases: a) The ground-state physics of single- particle system, two-body bound states, and many-body systems, all of which are subjected to spin-orbit coupling originated from synthetic gauge potentials; b) The symmetry breaking, topological phase transition and quench dynamics, which are conveniently offered by the realized experimental setup; c) The proposal and impli- cations of light field induced dynamical spin-orbit coupling for atoms inside optical cavity. Our work represents an important advancement of theoretical understanding to the active research frontier of ultra-cold atom physics with spin-orbit coupling.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subjectcold atoms
quantum optics
atomic physics
symmetry classifications
topological phases
quench dynamics
cavity QED
spin-orbit coupling
dc.title Synthetic Spin-Orbit and Light Field Coupling in Ultra-cold Quantum Gases
dc.date.updated 2017-08-01T17:42:56Z
dc.type.genre Thesis
dc.type.genre Presentation
dc.type.material Text
thesis.degree.department Physics and Astronomy
thesis.degree.discipline Natural Sciences
thesis.degree.grantor Rice University
thesis.degree.level Doctoral
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.major Physics


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