Growth-substrate induced performance degradation in chemically synthesized monolayer MoS2ﾠfield effect transistors
Chin, Matthew L.
Mazzoni, Alexander L.
Burke, Robert A.
Ajayan, Pulickel M.
We report on the electronic transport properties of single-layer thick chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) field-effect transistors (FETs) on Si/SiO2 substrates. MoS2 has been extensively investigated for the past two years as a potential semiconductor analogue to graphene. To date, MoS2 samples prepared via mechanical exfoliation have demonstrated field-effect mobility values which are significantly higher than that of CVD-grown MoS2. In this study, we will show that the intrinsic electronic performance of CVD-grown MoS2 is equal or superior to that of exfoliated material and has been possibly masked by a combination of interfacial contamination on the growth substrate and residual tensile strain resulting from the high-temperature growth process. We are able to quantify this strain in the as-grown material using pre- and post-transfer metrology and microscopy of the same crystals. Moreover, temperature-dependent electrical measurements made on as-grown and transferred MoS2 devices following an identical fabrication process demonstrate the improvement in field-effect mobility.