Molecular theory for self assembling mixtures of patchy colloids and colloids with spherically symmetric attractions: The single patch case
Marshall, Bennett D.; Chapman, Walter G.
In this work we develop a new theory to model self assembling mixtures of single patch colloids and colloids with spherically symmetric attractions. In the development of the theory we restrict the interactions such that there are short ranged attractions between patchy and spherically symmetric colloids, but patchy colloids do not attract patchy colloids and spherically symmetric colloids do not attract spherically symmetric colloids. This results in the temperature, density, and composition dependent reversible self assembly of the mixture into colloidal star molecules. This type of mixture has been recently synthesized by grafting of complimentary single stranded DNA [L. Feng, R. Dreyfus, R. Sha, N. C. Seeman, and P. M. Chaikin, Adv. Mater. 25(20), 2779–2783 (2013)]10.1002/adma.201204864. As a quantitative test of the theory, we perform new monte carlo simulations to study the self assembly of these mixtures; theory and simulation are found to be in excellent agreement.