A Dying Dream
McDowell, Michael Thomas
Submission to the Friends of Fondren Library Undergraduate Research Awards, 2017. This paper was originally prepared for Course EDUC 202 / 502 (Fall 2016): Contemporary Issues in Education, given by Professor Dr. Robert Lundin, Department of Education.
This paper examines educational segregation and inequity in our country today. By researching the history of educational segregation in the United States, it becomes clear that since 1988 schools have resegregated, undoing most of the progress they made in the ‘60s and ‘70s. This has caused the achievement gap between minority and white students to increase dramatically, with minorities in apartheid schools (where 1% of the students are white) receiving a drastically inferior education to their white counterparts. This is largely due to the lack of human, physical, and social capital present in families and schools of minorities. While this paper is primarily concerned with the existence of this problem, it will assert that school choice is the easiest and friendliest way to achieve racial balance and desegregation, although this paper will also claim that the Justice Department should bring lawsuits against extremely segregated urban districts that do not solve the problem themselves.