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dc.contributor.authorChang, Yu-Hsuan A.
Lane, David M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-06T16:00:52Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-06T16:00:52Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Chang, Yu-Hsuan A. and Lane, David M.. "There Is Time for Calculation in Speed Chess, and Calculation Accuracy Increases With Expertise." The American Journal of Psychology, 129, no. 1 (2016) University of Illinois Press: 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.5406/amerjpsyc.129.1.0001.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/93846
dc.description.abstract The recognition–action theory of chess skill holds that expertise in chess is due primarily to the ability to recognize familiar patterns of pieces. despite its widespread acclaim, empirical evidence for this theory is indirect. one source of indirect evidence is that there is a high correlation between speed chess and standard chess. Assuming that there is little or no time for calculation in speed chess, this high correlation implies that calculation is not the primary factor in standard chess. two studies were conducted analyzing 100 games of speed chess. in study 1, we examined the distributions of move times, and the key finding was that players often spent considerable time on a few moves. Moreover, stronger players were more likely than weaker players to do so. study 2 examined skill differences in calculation by examining poor moves. the stronger players made proportionally fewer blunders (moves that a 2-ply search would have revealed to be errors). overall, the poor moves made by the weaker players would have required a less extensive search to be revealed as poor moves than the poor moves made by the stronger players. Apparently, the stronger players are searching deeper and more accurately. these results are difficult to reconcile with the view that speed chess does not allow players time to calculate extensively and call into question the assertion that the high correlation between speed chess and standard chess supports recognition–action theory.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher University of Illinois Press
dc.rights This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois.
dc.title There Is Time for Calculation in Speed Chess, and Calculation Accuracy Increases With Expertise
dc.type Journal article
dc.citation.journalTitle The American Journal of Psychology
dc.subject.keywordchess
expertise
recognition-action theory
depth of search
dc.citation.volumeNumber 129
dc.citation.issueNumber 1
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.5406/amerjpsyc.129.1.0001
dc.identifier.pmid 27029102
dc.type.publication post-print
dc.citation.firstpage 1
dc.citation.lastpage 9


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