Mexico’s National Electoral Institute: Ensuring Fair Elections at the Local Level
On May 23, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto signed a series of bills to implement constitutional changes to the country’s political and electoral processes. The reforms bring some of the most dynamic shifts to Mexican politics since the 1990s, including a makeover of the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE). The IFE has played a major role in Mexico’s transition to democracy. As the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) gradually lost power to opposition groups, the IFE was the key arbiter in assuring the transparency and legitimacy of elections. The IFE helped usher in Mexico’s first alternation of power in 71 years when the PRI lost the presidency in 2000. Since then, the institute has received international acclaim for assuring the quality of Mexican elections at the federal level. Its mandate, however, remained much weaker at the state and local levels, where elections are more susceptible to partisan interference. Under the 2014 reforms, the National Electoral Institute (INE) has replaced the IFE. This otherwise subtle rebranding points to a key shift in the organization of elections with respect to Mexican federalism. The new INE and the measures behind it now strive to replicate the IFE’s success in the states and municipalities.
Citable link to this pagehttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/92495
Link to Baker Institute Research Libraryhttp://www.bakerinstitute.org/research/mexico-ensuring-fair-elections-local-level/
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- Mexico Center