Very large magnetoresistance in Fe0.28TaS2 single crystals
Hardy, Will J.
Magnetic moments intercalated into layered transition metal dichalcogenides are an excellent system for investigating the rich physics associated with magnetic ordering in a strongly anisotropic, strong spin-orbit coupling environment. We examine electronic transport and magnetization in Fe0.28TaS2, a highly anisotropic ferromagnet with a Curie temperature TC∼68.8 K. We find anomalous Hall data confirming a dominance of spin-orbit coupling in the magnetotransport properties of this material, and a remarkably large field-perpendicular-to-plane magnetoresistance (MR) exceeding 60% at 2 K, much larger than the typical MR for bulk metals, and comparable to state-of-the-art giant MR in thin film heterostructures, and smaller only than colossal MR in Mn perovskites or high mobility semiconductors. Even within the FexTaS2 series, for the current x=0.28 single crystals the MR is nearly 100× higher than that found previously in the commensurate compound Fe0.25TaS2. After considering alternatives, we argue that the large MR arises from spin-disorder scattering in the strong spin-orbit coupling environment, and suggest that this can be a design principle for materials with large MR.