Excitonic Resonant Emission–Absorption of Surface Plasmons in Transition Metal Dichalcogenides for Chip-Level Electronic–Photonic Integrated Circuits
The monolithic integration of electronics and photonics has attracted enormous attention due to its potential applications. A major challenge to this integration is the identification of suitable materials that can emit and absorb light at the same wavelength. In this paper we utilize unique excitonic transitions in WS2 monolayers and show that WS2 exhibits a perfect overlap between its absorption and photoluminescence spectra. By coupling WS2 to Ag nanowires, we then show that WS2 monolayers are able to excite and absorb surface plasmons of Ag nanowires at the same wavelength of exciton photoluminescence. This resonant absorption by WS2 is distinguished from that of the ohmic propagation loss of silver nanowires, resulting in a short propagation length of surface plasmons. Our demonstration of resonant optical generation and detection of surface plasmons enables nanoscale optical communication and paves the way for on-chip electronic–photonic integrated circuits.
2D transition metal dichalcogenides; electronic−photonic integrated circuits; resonant exciton−plasmon interaction; chip-scale optical communication