Structural and Magnetic Phase Transitions near Optimal Superconductivity in BaFe2(As1−xPx)2
Hu, Ding; Lu, Xingye; Zhang, Wenliang; Luo, Huiqian; Li, Shiliang; More... Wang, Peipei; Chen, Genfu; Han, Fei; Banjara, Shree R.; Sapkota, A.; Kreyssig, A.; Goldman, A.I.; Yamani, Z.; Niedermayer, Christof; Skoulatos, Markos; Georgii, Robert; Keller, T.; Wang, Pengshuai; Yu, Weiqiang; Dai, Pengcheng Less...
We use nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), high-resolution x-ray, and neutron scattering studies to study structural and magnetic phase transitions in phosphorus-doped BaFe2(As1−xPx)2. Previous transport, NMR, specific heat, and magnetic penetration depth measurements have provided compelling evidence for the presence of a quantum critical point (QCP) near optimal superconductivity at x=0.3. However, we show that the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural (Ts) and paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic (AF, TN) transitions in BaFe2(As1−xPx)2 are always coupled and approach TN≈Ts≥Tc (≈29 K) for x=0.29 before vanishing abruptly for x≥0.3. These results suggest that AF order in BaFe2(As1−xPx)2 disappears in a weakly first-order fashion near optimal superconductivity, much like the electron-doped iron pnictides with an avoided QCP.