A planning guide for socially responsive redevelopment of low income residential districts
Mitchell, O. Jack
Master of Architecture
The purpose of this study is to develop an approach to the planning of low income residential redevelopment which will result in environments which respond, not only to the physical needs of low income residents, but also to their social and psychological needs. It is intended to serve as a guide which planners can follow in outlining a planning procedure for a specific project. Part I, BACKGROUND, establishes the importance of sociological considerations in planning. It makes note of the advice of experienced planners who have had a particular interest in creating socially responsive environments. Tools for planning such environments are discussed. The need for planning procedures which incorporate sociological considerations is noted, and the special need for these considerations in the planning of low income residential districts is pointed out. Planning procedures in general and the selection of the particular context of this study are discussed. Part II, PLANNING GUIDE, examines the various phases of planning the redevelopment of a low income residential district. These phases are: Selection of the Project District or Districts, Description of the Existing Situation, Definition of Goals of Redevelopment, Program and Plan of Action, Implementation, and Evaluation. The emphasis in these phases is not on the conventional aspects of physical planning, but rather on the additional data and efforts required to develop envinonments which respect the life styles and social behavior patterns of the residents. Much emphasis is placed on the importance of resident participation in the planning process. Part III, CONCLUSION, summarizes the preceding sections and reviews the additional efforts required to obtain socially responsive environments. This section is followed by a brief Appendix which makes some very specific recommendations which are not directly a part of the planning process, but which would facilitate its operation.