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dc.contributor.authorWaters, Andrew J.
Szeto, Edwin H.
Wetter, David W.
Cinciripini, Paul M.
Robinson, Jason D.
Li, Yisheng
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-29T18:44:40Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-29T18:44:40Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Waters, Andrew J., Szeto, Edwin H., Wetter, David W., et al.. "Cognition and Craving During Smoking Cessation: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study." Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 16, no. Suppl 2 (2014) Oxford University Press: S111-S118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntt108.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/88265
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Some studies using ecological momentary assessment (EMA) have revealed an association between craving for cigarettes and relapse. It is therefore important to understand the correlates of craving during smoking cessation. Attentional bias to smoking cues is a potential correlate of craving, but it has not previously been assessed using EMA during smoking cessation. Methods: Smokers enrolled in a research smoking cessation study were offered the opportunity to take part in an EMA study. Volunteers carried around a personal digital assistant (PDA) for the first week of their quit attempt. They completed up to 4 random assessments (RAs) per day as well as assessments when they experienced a temptation to smoke and when they relapsed. Craving for cigarettes was assessed with a single item (1ヨ7 scale). Attentional bias was assessed with a smoking Stroop task (a reaction time task) at every other assessment, as was self-reported attention to cigarettes. Results: Data were available from 119 participants. Across 882 assessments, participants exhibited a significant smoking Stroop effect. Linear mixed models revealed a significant between-subject association between craving and the smoking Stroop effect. Individuals with higher levels of craving exhibited greater attentional bias. The within-subject association was not significant. Similar results were obtained for the relationship between self-reported attention to cigarettes and attentional bias. Conclusions: Attentional bias can be assessed in the natural environment using EMA during smoking cessation, and attentional bias is a correlate of craving during the early stages of a quit attempt.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Oxford University Press
dc.rights This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
dc.title Cognition and Craving During Smoking Cessation: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study
dc.type Journal article
dc.citation.journalTitle Nicotine & Tobacco Research
dc.citation.volumeNumber 16
dc.citation.issueNumber Suppl 2
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntt108
dc.identifier.pmcid PMC3977632
dc.identifier.pmid 23901053
dc.type.publication publisher version
dc.citation.firstpage S111
dc.citation.lastpage S118


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