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dc.contributor.advisor Kimbro, Rachel T
dc.creatorFreeman Cenegy, Laura
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-15T21:54:24Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-15T21:54:24Z
dc.date.created 2014-12
dc.date.issued 2015-04-15
dc.date.submitted December 2014
dc.identifier.citation Freeman Cenegy, Laura. "Cumulative Inequality and Race/Ethnic Disparities in Low Birthweight: Differences by Early Life SES." (2015) Master’s Thesis, Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/87875.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/87875
dc.description.abstract The current study applies Cumulative Inequality theory to investigate whether differences in black, white, and Hispanics mothers’ early life socioeconomic status (SES) account for disparities in infants’ risk of low birthweight (LBW). This study uses three-generation linked data that come from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (1979-1995) and the NLSY Young Adult sample (1994-2010) and contain information on the mothers and grandmothers of 2,332 singleton infants. Controlling for mothers’ health and adult SES, I assess the unique association between childhood low SES, in terms of both cumulative economic hardship (i.e., household poverty status from ages 0 to 14) and social status (i.e., grandmothers’ education and marital status), and LBW probability. I also examine differences in LBW probability between black, white, and Hispanic women from similar childhood socioeconomic backgrounds. Overall, results indicate that childhood socioeconomic factors do not account for race/ethnic disparities in LBW. Rather, childhood low SES increases the probability of LBW for whites but is not significantly predictive of LBW for blacks or Hispanics. In fact, pairwise comparisons indicate the greatest LBW disparities exist between black and white women who experienced the least socioeconomic disadvantage during early life.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subjectbirthweight
low birthweight
LBW
race
ethnicity
health disparities
cumulative inequality
life course
early life
childhood
socioeconomic status
SES
dc.title Cumulative Inequality and Race/Ethnic Disparities in Low Birthweight: Differences by Early Life SES
dc.type Thesis
dc.contributor.committeeMember Gorman, Bridget K
dc.contributor.committeeMember Bratter, Jenifer
dc.date.updated 2016-01-15T21:54:25Z
dc.type.material Text
thesis.degree.department Sociology
thesis.degree.discipline Social Sciences
thesis.degree.grantor Rice University
thesis.degree.level Masters
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts


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