Spectral Analysis of One-Dimensional Operators
Fillman, Jacob D
Damanik, David T
Doctor of Philosophy
We study the spectral analysis of one-dimensional operators, motivated by a desire to understand three phenomena: dynamical characteristics of quantum walks, the interplay between inverse and direct spectral problems for limit-periodic operators, and the fractal structure of the spectrum of the Thue-Morse Hamiltonian. Our first group of results comprises several general lower bounds on the spreading rates of wave packets defined by the iteration of a unitary operator on a separable Hilbert space. By using tools within the class of CMV matrices, we apply these general lower bounds to deduce quantitative lower bounds for the spreading of the time-homogeneous Fibonacci quantum walk. Second, we construct several classes of limit-periodic operators with homogeneous Cantor spectrum, which connects problems from inverse and direct spectral analysis for such operators. Lastly, we precisely characterize the gap structure of the canonical periodic approximants to the Thue-Morse Hamiltonian, which constitutes a first step towards understanding the fractal structure of its spectrum. This thesis contains joint work with David Damanik, Milivoje Lukic, Paul Munger, and Robert Vance.
Schodinger operators; CMV matrices; Jacobi matrices; spectral theory; functional analysis