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dc.contributor.authorLiu, Zuolin
Dugan, Brandon
Masiello, Caroline A.
Barnes, Rebecca T.
Gallagher, Morgan E.
Gonnermann, Helge
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-15T17:21:43Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-15T17:21:43Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Liu, Zuolin, Dugan, Brandon, Masiello, Caroline A., et al.. "Impacts of biochar concentration and particle size on hydraulic conductivity and DOC leaching of biochar-sand mixtures." Journal of Hydrology, 533, (2016) Elsevier: 461-472. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.12.007.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/87841
dc.description.abstract The amendment of soil with biochar can sequester carbon and alter hydrologic properties by changing physical and chemical characteristics of soil. To understand the effect of biochar amendment on soil hydrology, we measured the hydraulic conductivity (K) of biochar–sand mixtures as well as dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in leachate. Specifically, we assessed the effects of biochar concentration and particle size on K and amount of DOC in the soil leachate. To better understand how physical properties influenced K, we also measured the skeletal density of biochars and sand, and the bulk density, the water saturation, and the porosity of biochar–sand mixtures. Our model soil was sand (0.251–0.853 mm) with biochar rates from 2 to 10 wt% (g biochar/g total soil × 100%). As biochar (<0.853 mm) concentration increased from 0 to 10 wt%, K decreased by 72 ± 3%. When biochar particle size was equal to, greater than, and less than particle size of sand, we found that biochar in different particle sizes have different effects on K. For a 2 wt% biochar rate, K decreased by 72 ± 2% when biochar particles were finer than sand particles, and decreased by 15 ± 2% when biochar particles were coarser than sand particles. When biochar and sand particle size were comparable, we observed no significant effect on K. We propose that the decrease of K through the addition of fine biochar was because finer biochar particles filled spaces between sand particles, which increased tortuosity and reduced pore throat size of the mixture. The decrease of K associated with coarser biochar was caused by the bimodal particle size distribution, resulting in more compact packing and increased tortuosity. The loss of biochar C as DOC was related to both biochar rate and particle size. The cumulative DOC loss was 1350% higher from 10 wt% biochar compared to pure sand. This large increase reflected the very small DOC yield from pure sand. In addition, DOC in the leachate decreased as biochar particle size increased. For all treatments, the fraction of carbon lost as DOC ranged from 0.06 to 0.18 wt% of biochar. These experiments suggest that mixing sandy soils with biochar is likely to reduce infiltration rates, holding water near the surface longer with little loss of biochar-derived carbon to groundwater and streams.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.rights This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by Elsevier.
dc.title Impacts of biochar concentration and particle size on hydraulic conductivity and DOC leaching of biochar-sand mixtures
dc.type Journal article
dc.contributor.funder National Science Foundation
dc.citation.journalTitle Journal of Hydrology
dc.subject.keywordbiochar
hydraulic conductivity
particle size
dissolved organic carbon
dc.citation.volumeNumber 533
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.12.007
dc.identifier.grantID EAR-0911685 (National Science Foundation)
dc.type.publication post-print
dc.citation.firstpage 461
dc.citation.lastpage 472


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