Now showing items 21-40 of 1736

    • Client Beamforming for Rate Scalability of MU-MIMO Networks 

      Yu, Hang (2015-04-24)
      The multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) technology allows an AP with multiple antennas to simultaneously serve multiple clients to improve the network capacity. To achieve this, the AP leverages zero-forcing beamforming (ZFBF) to ...
    • MU-MIMO WLANs in Diverse Bands and Environments 

      Anand, Narendra (2015-04-24)
      Multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) is a precoding technique that allows for an Access Point (AP) to transmit data to multiple receivers in parallel resulting in an overall capacity increase. However, achieving these gains requires ...
    • Protocol Design and Experimental Evaluation for Efficient Multi-User MIMO Wireless Networks 

      Bejarano Chavez, Oscar (2015-04-24)
      Information theoretic results on Multi-User MIMO (MU-MIMO) have demonstrated a many-fold increase in capacity compared to Single-Input Single-Output. By leveraging multiple antennas at the Access Point (AP) and beamforming ...
    • Imaging Plasmons with Compressive Hyperspectral Microscopy 

      Lu, Liyang (2015-04-23)
      With the ability of revealing the interactions between objects and electromagnetic waves, hyperspectral imaging in optical microscopy is of great importance in the study of various micro/nano-scale physical and chemical ...
    • WrAP: Hardware and Software Support for Atomic Persistence in Storage Class Memory 

      Giles, Ellis Robinson (2015-04-23)
      In-memory computing is gaining popularity as a means of sidestepping the performance bottlenecks of traditional block-based storage devices. However, the volatile nature of DRAM makes these systems vulnerable to system ...
    • Compressive Sensing in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Imaging 

      Valiollahzadeh, Majid (2015-04-16)
      Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine functional imaging modality, applicable to several clinical problems, but especially in detecting the metabolic activity (as in cancer). PET scanners use multiple ...
    • Virtual Ring Buffer for Camera Application Concurrency 

      Reyes, Jose Eduardo (2015-01-26)
      Smartphones with integrated cameras have inspired a growing number of real- time, computer vision applications. Existing camera software architectures, however, do not support concurrency: only one application accesses the ...
    • New approaches in quartz-enhanced photoacoustic sensing 

      Sampaolo, Angelo; Patimisco, Pietro; Pennetta, Riccardo; Scamarcio, Gaetano; Tittel, Frank K. (2015)
      We report on the design and realization of custom quartz tuning forks with different geometries and sizes aimed to improve the photoacoustic effect in quartz-enhanced photoacoustic (QEPAS) sensor systems. A detailed analysis ...
    • Charge Transfer Plasmons: Optical Frequency Conductances and Tunable Infrared Resonances 

      Wen, Fangfang; Zhang, Yue; Gottheim, Samuel; King, Nicholas S.; Zhang, Yu; Nordlander, Peter; Halas, Naomi J. (2015)
      A charge transfer plasmon (CTP) appears when an optical-frequency conductive pathway between two metallic nanoparticles is established, enabling the transfer of charge between nanoparticles when the plasmon is excited. ...
    • Photoluminescence of a Plasmonic Molecule 

      Huang, Da; Byers, Chad P.; Wang, Lin-Yung; Hoggard, Anneli; Hoener, Ben; Chang, Wei-Shun; Landes, Christy F.; Link, Stephan (2015)
      Photoluminescent Au nanoparticles are appealing for biosensing and bioimaging applications because of their non-photobleaching and non-photoblinking emission. The mechanism of one-photon photoluminescence from plasmonic ...
    • Non-intrusive Persistence with a Backend NVM Controller 

      Pu, Libei; Doshi, Kshitij; Giles, Ellis; Varman, Peter (2015)
      By providing instruction-grained access to vast amounts of persistent data with ordinary loads and stores, byte-addressable storage class memory (SCM) has the potential to revolutionize system architecture. We describe a ...
    • Transaction local aliasing in storage class memory 

      Giles, Ellis; Doshi, Kshitij; Varman, Peter (2015)
      This paper describes a lightweight software library to solve the challenges [6], [3], [1], [5], [2] of programming storage class memory (SCM). It provides primitives to demarcate failure-atomic code regions. SCM loads and ...
    • Ppb-level formaldehyde detection using a CW room-temperature interband cascade laser and a miniature dense pattern multipass gas cell 

      Dong, Lei; Yu, Yajun; Li, Chunguang; So, Stephen; Tittel, Frank K. (2015)
      A ppb-level formaldehyde (H2CO) sensor was developed using a thermoelectrically cooled (TEC), continuous-wave (CW) room temperature interband cascade laser (ICL) emitting at 3.59 μm and a miniature dense pattern multipass ...
    • Single-Particle Absorption Spectroscopy by Photothermal Contrast 

      Yorulmaz, Mustafa; Nizzero, Sara; Hoggard, Anneli; Wang, Lin-Yung; Cai, Yiyu; Su, Man-Nung; Chang, Wei-Shun; Link, Stephan (2015)
      Removing effects of sample heterogeneity through single-molecule and single-particle techniques has advanced many fields. While background free luminescence and scattering spectroscopy is widely used, recording the absorption ...
    • NeuroPG: open source software for optical pattern generation and data acquisition 

      Avants, Benjamin W.; Murphy, Daniel B.; Dapello, Joel A.; Robinson, Jacob T. (2015)
      Patterned illumination using a digital micromirror device (DMD) is a powerful tool for optogenetics. Compared to a scanning laser, DMDs are inexpensive and can easily create complex illumination patterns. Combining these ...
    • Direct Plasmon-Driven Photoelectrocatalysis 

      Robatjazi, Hossein; Bahauddin, Shah Mohammad; Doiron, Chloe; Thomann, Isabell (2015)
      Harnessing the energy from hot charge carriers is an emerging research area with the potential to improve energy conversion technologies. Here we present a novel plasmonic photoelectrode architecture carefully designed to ...
    • WATCH: WiFi in Active TV Channels 

      Zhang, Xu; Knightly, Edward W. (2015)
      Today's "white space" model of spectrum sharing applied in the UHF TV band allows channels that are not being used regionally by a TV broadcaster to be re-purposed for unlicensed-style secondary access in 24 hour increments. ...
    • Distinguishing between plasmon-induced and photoexcited carriers in a device geometry 

      Zheng, Bob Y.; Zhao, Hangqi; Manjavacas, Alejandro; McClain, Michael; Nordlander, Peter (2015)
      The use of surface plasmons, charge density oscillations of conduction electrons of metallic nanostructures, to boost the efficiency of light-harvesting devices through increased light-matter interactions could drastically ...
    • Aluminum Nanocrystals 

      McClain, Michael J.; Schlather, Andrea E.; Ringe, Emilie; King, Nicholas S.; Liu, Lifei; Manjavacas, Alejandro; Knight, Mark W.; Kumar, Ish; Whitmire, Kenton; Everitt, Henry O.; Nordlander, Peter; Halas, Naomi J. (2015)
      We demonstrate the facile synthesis of high purity aluminum nanocrystals over a range of controlled sizes from 70 to 220 nm diameter with size control achieved through a simple modification of solvent ratios in the reaction ...