Now showing items 21-40 of 2368

    • Broadband Absorption Engineering to Enhance Light Absorption in Monolayer MoS2 

      Bahauddin, Shah Mohammad; Robatjazi, Hossein; Thomann, Isabell (2016)
      Here we take a first step toward tackling the challenge of incomplete optical absorption in monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides for conversion of photon energy, including solar, into other forms of energy. We ...
    • High Chromaticity Aluminum Plasmonic Pixels for Active Liquid Crystal Displays 

      Olson, Jana; Manjavacas, Alejandro; Basu, Tiyash; Huang, Da; Schlather, Andrea E.; Zheng, Bob; Halas, Naomi; Nordlander, Peter; Link, Stephan (2016)
      Chromatic devices such as flat panel displays could, in principle, be substantially improved by incorporating aluminum plasmonic nanostructures instead of conventional chromophores that are susceptible to photobleaching. ...
    • Notch-Jagged signalling can give rise to clusters of cells exhibiting a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal phenotype 

      Boareto, Marcelo; Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Goldman, Aaron; Pietilä, Mika; Mani, Sendurai A.; Sengupta, Shiladitya; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Levine, Herbert; Onuchic, José N. (2016)
      Metastasis can involve repeated cycles of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its reverse mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition. Cells can also undergo partial transitions to attain a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal ...
    • Composition and Sources of Particulate Matter Measured near Houston, TX: Anthropogenic-Biogenic Interactions 

      Bean, Jeffrey K.; Faxon, Cameron B.; Leong, Yu Jun; Wallace, Henry William; Cevik, Basak Karakurt; Ortiz, Stephanie; Canagaratna, Manjula R.; Usenko, Sascha; Sheesley, Rebecca J.; Griffin, Robert J.; Ruiz, Lea Hildebrandt (2016)
      Particulate matter was measured in Conroe, Texas (~60 km north of downtown Houston, Texas) during the September 2013 DISCOVER-AQ campaign to determine the sources of particulate matter in the region. The measurement site ...
    • A Topological Model of the Hippocampal Cell Assembly Network 

      Babichev, Andrey; Ji, Daoyun; Mémoli, Facundo; Dabaghian, Yuri A. (2016)
      It is widely accepted that the hippocampal place cells' spiking activity produces a cognitive map of space. However, many details of this representation's physiological mechanism remain unknown. For example, it is believed ...
    • Modified Mason number for charged paramagnetic colloidal suspensions 

      Du, Di; Hilou, Elaa; Biswal, Sibani Lisa (2016)
      The dynamics of magnetorheological fluids have typically been described by the Mason number, a governing parameter defined as the ratio between viscous and magnetic forces in the fluid. For most experimental suspensions ...
    • Supramolecular block copolymer photovoltaics through ureido-pyrimidinone hydrogen bonding interactions 

      Lin, Yen-Hao; Nie, Wanyi; Tsai, Hsinhan; Li, Xiaoyi; Gupta, Gautam; Mohite, Aditya D.; Verduzco, Rafael (2016)
      A challenge in the development of bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics (BHJ OPVs) is achieving a desirable nanoscale morphology. This is particularly true for polymer blend OPVs in which large-scale phase separation ...
    • Levetiracetam mitigates doxorubicin-induced DNA and synaptic damage in neurons 

      Manchon, Jose Felix Moruno; Dabaghian, Yuri; Uzor, Ndidi-Ese; Kesler, Shelli R.; Wefel, Jeffrey S.; Tsvetkov, Andrey S. (2016)
      Neurotoxicity may occur in cancer patients and survivors during or after chemotherapy. Cognitive deficits associated with neurotoxicity can be subtle or disabling and frequently include disturbances in memory, attention, ...
    • Systematic Calibration of Model Parameters Based on Large-Scale Experiments on Hybrid Masonry Walls 

      Gao, Zhenjia; Stanciulescu, Ilinca (2016)
      Hybrid masonry is a relatively new type of structural system that benefits from the ductility and ease of construction of steel frames and from the in-plane strength and stiffness of reinforced masonry panels. Finite element ...
    • Signatures of Biomass Burning Aerosols in the Plume of a Saltmarsh Wildfire in South Texas 

      Myers-Pigg, Allison N.; Griffin, Robert J.; Louchouarn, Patrick; Norwood, Matthew J.; Sterne, Amanda; Cevik, Basak Karakurt (2016)
      The most conventional and abundant tracers of biomass combustion in aerosol particles include potassium and biomarkers derived from thermally altered cellulose/hemicellulose (anhydrosugars) and lignin (methoxyphenols). ...
    • Insights on Foam Transport from a Texture-Implicit Local-Equilibrium Model with an Improved Parameter Estimation Algorithm 

      Zeng, Yongchao; Muthuswamy, Aarthi; Ma, Kun; Wang, Le; Farajzadeh, Rouhi; Puerto, Maura; Vincent-Bonnieu, Sebastien; Akbar Eftekhari, Ali; Wang, Ying; Da, Chang; Joyce, Jeffrey C.; Biswal, Sibani L.; Hirasaki, George J. (2016)
      We present an insightful discussion on the implications of foam transport inside porous media based on an improved algorithm for the estimation of model parameters. A widely used texture-implicit local-equilibrium foam ...
    • Examining Asphaltene Solubility on Deposition in Model Porous Media 

      Lin, Yu-Jiun; He, Peng; Tavakkoli, Mohammad; Mathew, Nevin Thunduvila; Fatt, Yap Yit; Chai, John C.; Goharzadeh, Afshin; Vargas, Francisco M.; Biswal, Sibani Lisa (2016)
      Asphaltenes are known to cause severe flow assurance problems in the near-wellbore region of oil reservoirs. Understanding the mechanism of asphaltene deposition in porous media is of great significance for the development ...
    • Parallel bulk heterojunction photovoltaics based on all-conjugated block copolymer additives 

      Mok, Jorge W.; Kipp, Dylan; Hasbun, Luis R.; Dolocan, Andrei; Strzalka, Joseph; Ganesan, Venkat; Verduzco, Rafael (2016)
      In recent studies, we demonstrated that the addition of block copolymers to binary donorヨacceptor blends represents an effective approach to target equilibrium, co-continuous morphologies of interpenetrating donors and ...
    • Nonlinear MDOF System Survival Probability Determination Subject to Evolutionary Stochastic Excitation 

      Mitseas, Ioannis P.; Kougioumtzoglou, Ioannis A.; Spanos, Pol D.; Beer, Michael (2016)
      An approximate technique for assessing the reliability of nonlinear multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems subject to a non-stationary stochastic excitation vector is developed. The proposed technique can be construed as ...
    • Detecting the Biopolymer Behavior of Graphene Nanoribbons in Aqueous Solution 

      Wijeratne, Sithara S.; Penev, Evgeni S.; Lu, Wei; Li, Jingqiang; Duque, Amanda L.; Yakobson, Boris I.; Tour, James M.; Kiang, Ching-Hwa (2016)
      Graphene nanoribbons (GNR), can be prepared in bulk quantities for large-area applications by reducing the product from the lengthwise oxidative unzipping of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT). Recently, the biomaterials ...
    • Bifunctional Luminomagnetic Rare-Earth Nanorods for High-Contrast Bioimaging Nanoprobes 

      Gupta, Bipin Kumar; Singh, Satbir; Kumar, Pawan; Lee, Yean; Kedawat, Garima; Narayanan, Tharangattu N.; Vithayathil, Sajna Antony; Ge, Liehui; Zhan, Xiaobo; Gupta, Sarika; Martí, Angel A.; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Kaipparettu, Benny Abraham (2016)
      Nanoparticles exhibiting both magnetic and luminescent properties are need of the hour for many biological applications. A single compound exhibiting this combination of properties is uncommon. Herein, we report a strategy ...
    • Colony Expansion of Socially MotileᅠMyxococcus xanthusᅠCells Is Driven by Growth, Motility, and Exopolysaccharide Production 

      Patra, Pintu; Kissoon, Kimberley; Cornejo, Isabel; Kaplan, Heidi B.; Igoshin, Oleg A. (2016)
      Myxococcus xanthus, a model organism for studies of multicellular behavior in bacteria, moves exclusively on solid surfaces using two distinct but coordinated motility mechanisms. One of these, social (S) motility is powered ...
    • Charcoal Disrupts Soil Microbial Communication through a Combination of Signal Sorption and Hydrolysis 

      Gao, Xiaodong; Cheng, Hsiao-Ying; Del Valle, Ilenne; Liu, Shirley; Masiello, Caroline A.; Silberg, Jonathan J. (2016)
      The presence of charcoal in soil triggers a range of biological effects that are not yet predictable, in part because it interferes with the functioning of chemical signals that microbes release into their environment to ...
    • Factors affecting patient outcome in primary cutaneous aspergillosis 

      Tatara, Alexander M.; Mikos, Antonios G.; Kontoyiannis, Dimitrios P. (2016)
      Primary cutaneous aspergillosis (PCA) is an uncommon infection of the skin. There is a paucity of organized literature regarding this entity in regard to patient characteristics, associated Aspergillus species, and treatment ...
    • A Crowdsourcing Approach to Developing and Assessing Prediction Algorithms for AML Prognosis 

      Noren, David P.; Long, Byron L.; Norel, Raquel; Rrhissorrakrai, Kahn; Hess, Kenneth; Hu, Chenyue Wendy; Bisberg, Alex J.; Schultz, Andre; Engquist, Erik; Liu, Li; Lin, Xihui; Chen, Gregory M.; Xie, Honglei; Hunter, Geoffrey A.M.; Boutros, Paul C.; Stepanov, Oleg; DREAM 9 AML-OPC Consortium; Norman, Thea; Friend, Stephen H.; Stolovitzky, Gustavo; Kornblau, Steven; Qutub, Amina A. (2016)
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a fatal hematological cancer. The genetic abnormalities underlying AML are extremely heterogeneous among patients, making prognosis and treatment selection very difficult. While clinical ...