Now showing items 21-40 of 2310

    • Parallel bulk heterojunction photovoltaics based on all-conjugated block copolymer additives 

      Mok, Jorge W.; Kipp, Dylan; Hasbun, Luis R.; Dolocan, Andrei; Strzalka, Joseph; Ganesan, Venkat; Verduzco, Rafael (2016)
      In recent studies, we demonstrated that the addition of block copolymers to binary donorヨacceptor blends represents an effective approach to target equilibrium, co-continuous morphologies of interpenetrating donors and ...
    • Nonlinear MDOF System Survival Probability Determination Subject to Evolutionary Stochastic Excitation 

      Mitseas, Ioannis P.; Kougioumtzoglou, Ioannis A.; Spanos, Pol D.; Beer, Michael (2016)
      An approximate technique for assessing the reliability of nonlinear multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems subject to a non-stationary stochastic excitation vector is developed. The proposed technique can be construed as ...
    • Detecting the Biopolymer Behavior of Graphene Nanoribbons in Aqueous Solution 

      Wijeratne, Sithara S.; Penev, Evgeni S.; Lu, Wei; Li, Jingqiang; Duque, Amanda L.; Yakobson, Boris I.; Tour, James M.; Kiang, Ching-Hwa (2016)
      Graphene nanoribbons (GNR), can be prepared in bulk quantities for large-area applications by reducing the product from the lengthwise oxidative unzipping of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT). Recently, the biomaterials ...
    • Bifunctional Luminomagnetic Rare-Earth Nanorods for High-Contrast Bioimaging Nanoprobes 

      Gupta, Bipin Kumar; Singh, Satbir; Kumar, Pawan; Lee, Yean; Kedawat, Garima; Narayanan, Tharangattu N.; Vithayathil, Sajna Antony; Ge, Liehui; Zhan, Xiaobo; Gupta, Sarika; Martí, Angel A.; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Kaipparettu, Benny Abraham (2016)
      Nanoparticles exhibiting both magnetic and luminescent properties are need of the hour for many biological applications. A single compound exhibiting this combination of properties is uncommon. Herein, we report a strategy ...
    • Colony Expansion of Socially MotileᅠMyxococcus xanthusᅠCells Is Driven by Growth, Motility, and Exopolysaccharide Production 

      Patra, Pintu; Kissoon, Kimberley; Cornejo, Isabel; Kaplan, Heidi B.; Igoshin, Oleg A. (2016)
      Myxococcus xanthus, a model organism for studies of multicellular behavior in bacteria, moves exclusively on solid surfaces using two distinct but coordinated motility mechanisms. One of these, social (S) motility is powered ...
    • Charcoal Disrupts Soil Microbial Communication through a Combination of Signal Sorption and Hydrolysis 

      Gao, Xiaodong; Cheng, Hsiao-Ying; Del Valle, Ilenne; Liu, Shirley; Masiello, Caroline A.; Silberg, Jonathan J. (2016)
      The presence of charcoal in soil triggers a range of biological effects that are not yet predictable, in part because it interferes with the functioning of chemical signals that microbes release into their environment to ...
    • Factors affecting patient outcome in primary cutaneous aspergillosis 

      Tatara, Alexander M.; Mikos, Antonios G.; Kontoyiannis, Dimitrios P. (2016)
      Primary cutaneous aspergillosis (PCA) is an uncommon infection of the skin. There is a paucity of organized literature regarding this entity in regard to patient characteristics, associated Aspergillus species, and treatment ...
    • A Crowdsourcing Approach to Developing and Assessing Prediction Algorithms for AML Prognosis 

      Noren, David P.; Long, Byron L.; Norel, Raquel; Rrhissorrakrai, Kahn; Hess, Kenneth; Hu, Chenyue Wendy; Bisberg, Alex J.; Schultz, Andre; Engquist, Erik; Liu, Li; Lin, Xihui; Chen, Gregory M.; Xie, Honglei; Hunter, Geoffrey A.M.; Boutros, Paul C.; Stepanov, Oleg; DREAM 9 AML-OPC Consortium; Norman, Thea; Friend, Stephen H.; Stolovitzky, Gustavo; Kornblau, Steven; Qutub, Amina A. (2016)
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a fatal hematological cancer. The genetic abnormalities underlying AML are extremely heterogeneous among patients, making prognosis and treatment selection very difficult. While clinical ...
    • Quantitative analysis of high-resolution microendoscopic images for diagnosis of neoplasia in patients with Barrett’s esophagus 

      Shin, Dongsuk; Lee, Michelle H.; Polydorides, Alexandros D.; Pierce, Mark C.; Vila, Peter M.; Parikh, Neil D.; Rosen, Daniel G.; Anandasabapathy, Sharmila; Richards-Kortum, Rebecca R. (2016)
      Background and Aims: Previous studies show that microendoscopic images can be interpreted visually to identify the presence of neoplasia in patients with Barrett’s esophagus (BE), but this approach is subjective and requires ...
    • Thermomechanical analysis of two-dimensional boron monolayers 

      Tsafack, Thierry; Yakobson, Boris I. (2016)
      Using density functional theory calculations (both perturbed and unperturbed) as well as thermodynamic and ballistic transport equations, what follows investigates thermal and mechanical properties of two-dimensional boron ...
    • Improved Tuning Fork for Terahertz Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy 

      Sampaolo, Angelo; Patimisco, Pietro; Giglio, Marilena; Vitiello, Miriam S.; Beere, Harvey E.; Ritchie, David A.; Scamarcio, Gaetano; Tittel, Frank K.; Spagnolo, Vincenzo (2016)
      We report on a quartz-enhanced photoacoustic (QEPAS) sensor for methanol (CH₃OH) detection employing a novel quartz tuning fork (QTF), specifically designed to enhance the QEPAS sensing performance in the terahertz (THz) ...
    • Critical Uncertainties and Gaps in the Environmental- and Social-Impact Assessment of the Proposed Interoceanic Canal through Nicaragua 

      Huete-Pérez, Jorge A.; Ortega-Hegg, Manuel; Urquhart, Gerald R.; Covich, Alan P.; Vammen, Katherine; Rittmann, Bruce E.; Miranda, Julio C.; Espinoza-Corriols, Sergio; Acevedo, Adolfo; Acosta, María L.; Gómez, Juan P.; Brett, Michael T.; Hanemann, Michael; Härer, Andreas; Incer-Barquero, Jaime; Joyce, Frank J.; Lauer, J. Wesley; Maes, Jean Michel; Tomson, Mason B.; Meyer, Axel; Montenegro-Guillén, Salvador; Whitlow, W. Lindsay; Schnoor, Jerald L.; Alvarez, Pedro J.J. (2016)
      The proposed interoceanic canal will connect the Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean, traversing Lake Nicaragua, the major freshwater reservoir in Central America. If completed, the canal would be the largest infrastruc ...
    • Excitonic Resonant Emission–Absorption of Surface Plasmons in Transition Metal Dichalcogenides for Chip-Level Electronic–Photonic Integrated Circuits 

      Zhu, Zhuan; Yuan, Jiangtan; Zhou, Haiqing; Hu, Jonathan; Zhang, Jing; Wei, Chengli; Yu, Fang; Chen, Shuo; Lan, Yucheng; Yang, Yao; Wang, Yanan; Niu, Chao; Ren, Zhifeng; Lou, Jun; Wang, Zhiming; Bao, Jiming (2016)
      The monolithic integration of electronics and photonics has attracted enormous attention due to its potential applications. A major challenge to this integration is the identification of suitable materials that can emit ...
    • Accurate Quantification of Disease Markers in Human Serum Using Iron Oxide Nanoparticle-linked Immunosorbent Assay 

      Zhang, Linlin; Tong, Sheng; Zhou, Jun; Bao, Gang (2016)
      Accurate and reliable quantification of biomarkers in the blood is essential in disease screening and diagnosis. Here we describe an iron oxide nanoparticle (IONP)-linked immunosorbent assay (ILISA) for detecting biomolecules ...
    • Performance Analysis and Optimization of a Hybrid Seismic Imaging Application 

      Paul, Sri Raj; Araya-Polo, Mauricio; Mellor-Crummey, John; Hohl, Detlef (2016)
      Applications to process seismic data are computationally expensive and, therefore, employ scalable parallel systems to produce timely results. Here we describe our experiences of using performance analysis tools to gain ...
    • Ultrathin AAO Membrane as a Generic Template for Sub-100 nm Nanostructure Fabrication 

      Robatjazi, Hossein; Bahauddin, Shah Mohammad; Macfarlan, Luke H.; Fu, Sidan; Thomann, Isabell (2016)
      Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates are emerging as a platform for simple, cost-effective, high-throughput top-down nanofabrication of regular arrays of nanostructures. Thus far, however, AAO pattern transfer has largely ...
    • CW EC-QCL-based sensor for simultaneous detection of H2O, HDO, N2O and CH4ᅠusing multi-pass absorption spectroscopy 

      Yu, Yajun; Sanchez, Nancy P.; Griffin, Robert J.; Tittel, Frank K. (2016)
      A sensor system based on a continuous wave, external-cavity quantum-cascade laser (CW EC-QCL) was demonstrated for simultaneous detection of atmospheric H2O, HDO, N2O and CH4using a compact, dense pattern multi-pass gas ...
    • Observing the interplay between surface and bulk optical nonlinearities in thin van der Waals crystals 

      Deckoff-Jones, Skylar; Zhang, Jingjing; Petoukhoff, Christopher E.; Man, Michael K.L.; Lei, Sidong; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Talbayev, Diyar; Madéo, Julien; Dani, Keshav M. (2016)
      Van der Waals materials, existing in a range of thicknesses from monolayer to bulk, allow for interplay between surface and bulk nonlinearities, which otherwise dominate only at atomically-thin or bulk extremes, respectively. ...
    • High-throughput screening of metal-porphyrin-like graphenes for selective capture of carbon dioxide 

      Bae, Hyeonhu; Park, Minwoo; Jang, Byungryul; Kang, Yura; Park, Jinwoo; Lee, Hosik; Chung, Haegeun; Chung, ChiHye; Hong, Suklyun; Kwon, Yongkyung; Yakobson, Boris I.; Lee, Hoonkyung (2016)
      Nanostructured materials, such as zeolites and metal-organic frameworks, have been considered to capture CO2. However, their application has been limited largely because they exhibit poor selectivity for flue gases and low ...
    • Carbon Redox-Polymer-Gel Hybrid Supercapacitors 

      Vlad, A.; Singh, N.; Melinte, S.; Gohy, J.-F.; Ajayan, P.M. (2016)
      Energy storage devices that provide high specific power without compromising on specific energy are highly desirable for many electric-powered applications. Here, we demonstrate that polymer organic radical gel materials ...