Now showing items 1070-1089 of 1832

  • Nanoparticles Heat through Light Localization 

    Hogan, Nathaniel J.; Urban, Alexander S.; Ayala-Orozco, Ciceron; Pimpinelli, Alberto; Nordlander, Peter; Halas, Naomi J. (2014)
    Aqueous solutions containing light-absorbing nanoparticles have recently been shown to produce steam at high efficiencies upon solar illumination, even when the temperature of the bulk fluid volume remains far below its ...
  • Nanowire electrodes for high-density stimulation and measurement of neural circuits 

    Robinson, Jacob T.; Jorgolli, Marsela; Park, Hongkun (2013-03-12)
    Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) that can precisely monitor and control neural activity will likely require new hardware with improved resolution and specificity. New nanofabricated electrodes with feature sizes and densities ...
  • ncDNA and drift drive binding site accumulation 

    Ruths, Troy; Nakhleh, Luay (2012)
    Background: The amount of transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) in an organism’s genome positively correlates with the complexity of the regulatory network of the organism. However, the manner by which TFBS arise ...
  • Near Best Tree Approximation 

    Baraniuk, Richard G.; DeVore, Ronald A.; Kyriazis, George; Yu, Xiang Ming (2002-01-15)
    Tree approximation is a form of nonlinear wavelet approximation that appears naturally in applications such as image compression and entropy encoding. The distinction between tree approximation and the more familiar ...
  • Near-Far Resistant Code Synchronization For CDMA systems - An Implementation Perspective 

    Haller, Bruno; Cavallaro, Joseph R.; Aazhang, Behnaam (1996-04-20)
    In this paper we evaluate and compare several algorithms based on eigenanalysis techniques for near-far resistant code acquisition and tracking, i.e., delay estimation in multiuser CDMA communication systems under different ...
  • Needle-based fluorescence endomicroscopy via structured illumination with a plastic, achromatic objective 

    Kyrish, Matthew; Dobbs, Jessica; Jain, Shalini; Wang, Xiao; Yu, Dihua; Richards-Kortum, Rebecca; Tkaczyk, Tomasz S. (2013-09)
    In order to diagnose cancer, a sample must be removed, prepared, and examined under a microscope, which is expensive, invasive, and time consuming. Fiber optic fluorescence endomicroscopy, where an image guide is used ...
  • Network and User Driven Alpha-Beta Onâ Off Source Model for Network Traffic 

    Sarvotham, Shriram; Riedi, Rudolf H.; Baraniuk, Richard G. (2005-06-01)
    We shed light on the effect of network resources and user behavior on network traffic through a physically motivated model. The classical onâ off model successfully captures the long-range, second-order correlations of ...
  • Network Channel Estimation in Cooperative Wireless Networks 

    Khoshnevis, Ahmad; Sabharwal, Ashutosh (2003-05-20)
    In distributed wireless networks, where nodes actively participate in helping communication for other nodes, they are typically unaware of their neighourhood and hence have to "estimate" it before sending any useful data. ...
  • Network Loss Inference Using Unicast End-to-End Measurement 

    Coates, Mark J.; Nowak, Robert David (2000-09-20)
    The fundamental objective of this work is to determine the extent to which unicast, end-to-end network measurement is capable of determining internal network losses. The major contributions of this paper are two-fold: we ...
  • Network tomography in theory and practice 

    Tsang, Yau-Yau Yolanda (2005)
    Network tomography has recently emerged as a promising method for indirectly inferring network state information from end-to-end measurements. In this thesis, I present novel methodologies for several challenging network ...
  • Network Traffic Modeling using a Multifractal Wavelet Model 

    Riedi, Rudolf H.; Crouse, Matthew; Ribeiro, Vinay Joseph; Baraniuk, Richard G. (1999-02-01)
    In this paper, we describe a new multiscale model for characterizing positive-valued and long-range dependent data. The model uses the Haar wavelet transform and puts a constraint on the wavelet coefficients to guarantee ...
  • Network Traffic Modeling using a Multifractal Wavelet Model 

    Riedi, Rudolf H.; Ribeiro, Vinay Joseph; Crouse, Matthew; Baraniuk, Richard G. (2000-07-01)
    In this paper, we develop a simple and powerful multiscale model for syntheizing nonFaussian, long-range dependent (LRD) network traffic. Although wavelets effectively decorrelate LRD data, wavelet-based models have generally ...
  • Neural Networks of Colored Sequence Synesthesia 

    Tomson, Steffie N.; Narayan, Manjari; Allen, Genevera I.; Eagleman, David M. (2013-08-28)
    Synesthesia is a condition in which normal stimuli can trigger anomalous associations. In this study,weexploit synesthesia to understand how the synesthetic experience can be explained by subtle changes in network properties. ...
  • Neural population structures and consequences for neural coding 

    Johnson, Don (2002-09-20)
    Researchers studying neural coding have speculated that populations of neurons would more effectively represent the stimulus if the neurons "cooperated:" by interacting through lateral connections, the neurons would process ...
  • NeuroPG: open source software for optical pattern generation and data acquisition 

    Avants, Benjamin W.; Murphy, Daniel B.; Dapello, Joel A.; Robinson, Jacob T. (2015)
    Patterned illumination using a digital micromirror device (DMD) is a powerful tool for optogenetics. Compared to a scanning laser, DMDs are inexpensive and can easily create complex illumination patterns. Combining these ...
  • Neutral forces acting on intragenomic variability shape the Escherichia coli regulatory network topology 

    Ruths, Troy; Nakhleh, Luay (2013-04)
    Cis-regulatory networks (CRNs) play a central role in cellular decision making. Like every other biological system, CRNs undergo evolution, which shapes their properties by a combination of adaptive and nonadaptive ...
  • A New and Efficient Program for Finding All Polynomial Roots 

    Lang, Markus; Frenzel, Bernhard-Christian (1993-01-15)
    Finding polynomial roots rapidly and accurately is an important problem in many areas of signal processing. We present a new program which is a combination of Muller's and Newton's method. We use the former for computing ...
  • New approaches to modeling multi-port scattering parameters 

    Lefteriu, Sanda (2009)
    This work addresses the problem of building a macromodel from frequency response measurements by means of a stable and passive linear dynamical system in state-space representation. The proposed algorithms are based on a ...
  • New Bayesian Model Averaging Framework for Wavelet-Based Signal Processing 

    Wan, Yi; Nowak, Robert David (2000-06-20)
    This paper develops a new signal modeling framework using Bayesian model averaging formulation and the redundant or translation-invariant wavelet transform. The aim of this framework is to provide a paradigm general enough ...
  • New class of wavelets for signal approximation 

    Odegard, Jan E.; Burrus, C. Sidney (1996-05-20)
    This paper develops a new class of wavelets for which the classical Daubechies zero moment property has been relaxed. The advantages of relaxing higher order wavelet moment constraints is that within the framework of ...