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The direction of fracture initiation
The preferential orientation for the initiation or extension of a crack is the one which gives the maximum strain energy reduction for a given crack length. This criterion is based on the concept of maximum energy release ...
Finite element modeling of thrust faulting
Finite Element modeling of thrust faulting shows that the faults will propagate upward at very low angles from the leading edge of a regional horizontal decollement surface located at various depths in a homogeneous block ...