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Polarization reversal in thin film lithium niobate on silicon
The spontaneous polarization of thin film LiNbO$\sb3$ has been shown to be reversible with the application of an electric field at room temperature. This electric field is applied across the sample in the form of a voltage ...
Deposition, characterization, and applications of thin film lithium niobate
Ferroelectric thin films of lithium niobate have been epitaxially grown on a variety of silicon and gallium arsenide substrates by reactive r.f. sputtering. The deposition process was optimized by independently varying the ...