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Finite element modeling of thrust faulting
Finite Element modeling of thrust faulting shows that the faults will propagate upward at very low angles from the leading edge of a regional horizontal decollement surface located at various depths in a homogeneous block ...
The direction of fracture initiation
The preferential orientation for the initiation or extension of a crack is the one which gives the maximum strain energy reduction for a given crack length. This criterion is based on the concept of maximum energy release ...