Magnetization Dynamics from Time-Dependent Noncollinear Spin Density Functional Theory Calculations
Peralta, Juan E.; Hod, Oded; Scuseria, Gustavo E.
A computational scheme, based on a time-dependent extension of noncollinear spin density functional theory, for the simultaneous simulation of charge and magnetization dynamics in molecular systems is presented. We employ a second-order Magnus propagator combined with an efficient predictor-corrector scheme that allows us to treat large molecular systems over long simulation periods. The method is benchmarked against the low-frequency dynamics of the H–He–H molecule where the magnetization dynamics can be modeled by the simple classical magnetization precession of a Heisenberg–Dirac-van Vleck Hamiltonian. Furthermore, the magnetic exchange couplings of the bimetallic complex [Cu(bpy)(H2O)(NO3)2(μ-C2O4)] (BISDOW) are extracted from its low-frequency spin precession dynamics showing good agreement with the coupling obtained from ground state energy differences. Our approach opens the possibility to perform real-time simulation of spin-related phenomena using time-dependent density functional theory in realistic molecular systems.