Method and apparatus for on-line compressed sensing
AuthorBaraniuk, Richard G.; Baron, Dror Z.; Duarte, Marco F.; Elnozahi, Mohamed; Wakin, Michael B.; Davenport, Mark A.; Laska, Jason N.; Tropp, Joel A.; Massoud, Yehia; Kirolos, Sami; Ragheb, Tamer
A typical data acquisition system takes periodic samples of a signal, image, or other data, often at the so-called Nyquist/Shannon sampling rate of two times the data bandwidth in order to ensure that no information is lost. In applications involving wideband signals, the Nyquist/Shannon sampling rate is very high, even though the signals may have a simple underlying structure. Recent developments in mathematics and signal processing have uncovered a solution to this Nyquist/Shannon sampling rate bottleneck for signals that are sparse or compressible in some representation. We demonstrate and reduce to practice methods to extract information directly from an analog or digital signal based on altering our notion of sampling to replace uniform time samples with more general linear functionals. One embodiment of our invention is a low-rate analog-to-information converter that can replace the high-rate analog-to-digital converter in certain applications involving wideband signals. Another embodiment is an encoding scheme for wideband discrete-time signals that condenses their information content.
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