CMS Collaboration, Adair, A., Akgun, B., et al.. "Search for pair production of excited top quarks in the lepton + jets final state." Journal of High Energy Physics, (2014) Springer: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP06(2014)125.
A search is performed for pair-produced spin-3/2 excited top quarks (t∗t¯∗) , each decaying to a top quark and a gluon. The search uses data collected with the CMS detector from pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of √s = 8 TeV, selecting events that have a single isolated muon or electron, an imbalance in transverse momentum, and at least six jets, of which one must be compatible with originating from the fragmentation of a b quark. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 fb−1, show no significant excess over standard model predictions, and provide a lower limit of 803 GeV at 95% confidence on the mass of the spin-3/2 t* quark in an extension of the Randall-Sundrum model, assuming a 100% branching fraction of its decay into a top quark and a gluon. This is the first search for a spin-3/2 excited top quark performed at the LHC.
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