Upper mantle tomography in the northwestern Pacific region using triplicated P waves
Chen, Y. John
Grand, Steve P.
We conducted delay time tomography of the upper mantle beneath the northwestern Pacific using P data from NorthEast China Extended SeiSmic Array, F-net, and nearby available stations. To improve resolution and accuracy in the vicinity of mantle discontinuities, we extracted traveltimes of both initial and secondary phases observed at triplication distances by using a waveform fitting technique. Compared with the model obtained by using only the initial phase, the resolution just above the 410 km discontinuity is especially improved, and low-velocity anomalies beneath the Changbai Volcano are clearly observed down to the 410 km discontinuity. Compared with previous models, low-velocity anomalies atop the 410 are more pronounced. The results of this study together with the previous receiver function analysis provide further support that we have hot material beneath the Changbai Volcano
tomography; triplication; subduction zones; off-arc volcanoes