3D optical lattice system for ultra-cold Lithium 6
Hulet, Randall G.
Master of Science
Optical lattice experiments have proved to be a versatile tool for studying strongly correlated quantum systems. The motivation behind these experiments is to use the cold atoms to emulate a solid state system for which the Hamiltonian is analytically or numerically non-solvable. In our experiment, we construct a 3D simple cubic lattice system which realizes the Fermi-Hubbard model and provides us the opportunity to study the antiferromagnetic (AFM) insulator phase. In order to establish evaporative cooling in the optical lattice and to enlarge the size of the AFM phase, we implement a compensation potential additional to the standard lattice beam. In this thesis, I will present detailed steps to construct and calibrate the compensated 3D optical lattice system.
Antiferromagnetic; Optical lattices