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dc.contributor.authorAjayan, P.M.
Kono, J.
Tonouchi, M.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-10-07T21:52:26Z
dc.date.available 2014-10-07T21:52:26Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Ajayan, P.M., Kono, J. and Tonouchi, M.. "Imaging molecular adsorption and desorption dynamics on graphene using terahertz emission spectroscopy." Scientific Reports, 4, (2014) Nature Publishing Group: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep06046.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/77427
dc.description.abstract Being an atomically thin material, graphene is known to be extremely susceptible to its environment, including defects and phonons in the substrate on which it is placed as well as gas molecules that surround it. Thus, any device design using graphene has to take into consideration all surrounding components, and device performance needs to be evaluated in terms of environmental influence. However, no methods have been established to date to readily measure the density and distribution of external perturbations in a quantitative and non-destructive manner. Here, we present a rapid and non-contact method for visualizing the distribution of molecular adsorbates on graphene semi-quantitatively using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and imaging. We found that the waveform of terahertz bursts emitted from graphene-coated InP sensitively changes with the type of atmospheric gas, laser irradiation time, and ultraviolet light illumination. The terahertz waveform change is explained through band structure modifications in the InP surface depletion layer due to the presence of localized electric dipoles induced by adsorbed oxygen. These results demonstrate that terahertz emission serves as a local probe for monitoring adsorption and desorption processes on graphene films and devices, suggesting a novel two-dimensional sensor for detecting local chemical reactions.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group
dc.rights Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use.
dc.title Imaging molecular adsorption and desorption dynamics on graphene using terahertz emission spectroscopy
dc.type Journal article
dc.contributor.funder Welch Foundation
dc.contributor.funder National Science Foundation
dc.citation.journalTitle Scientific Reports
dc.citation.volumeNumber 4
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep06046
dc.identifier.pmcid PMC4131213
dc.identifier.pmid 25116593
dc.identifier.grantID C-1509 (Welch Foundation)
dc.identifier.grantID OISE-0968405 (National Science Foundation)
dc.type.publication publisher version


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