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dc.contributor.authorKlimchuk, J.A.
Bradshaw, S.J.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-13T14:14:20Z
dc.date.available 2014-08-13T14:14:20Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Klimchuk, J.A. and Bradshaw, S.J.. "Are chromospheric nanoflares a primary source of coronal plasma?." The Astrophysical Journal, 791, no. 1 (2014) IOP Publishing: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/791/1/60.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/76514
dc.description.abstract It has been suggested that the hot plasma of the solar corona comes primarily from impulsive heating events, or nanoflares, that occur in the lower atmosphere, either in the upper part of the ordinary chromosphere or at the tips of type II spicules. We test this idea with a series of hydrodynamic simulations. We find that synthetic Fe XII (195) and Fe XIV (274) line profiles generated from the simulations disagree dramatically with actual observations. The integrated line intensities are much too faint; the blueshifts are much too fast; the blue-red asymmetries are much too large; and the emission is confined to low altitudes. We conclude that chromospheric nanoflares are not a primary source of hot coronal plasma. Such events may play an important role in producing the chromosphere and powering its intense radiation, but they do not, in general, raise the temperature of the plasma to coronal values. Those cases where coronal temperatures are reached must be relatively uncommon. The observed profiles of Fe XII and Fe XIV come primarily from plasma that is heated in the corona itself, either by coronal nanoflares or a quasi-steady coronal heating process. Chromospheric nanoflares might play a role in generating waves that provide this coronal heating.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher IOP Publishing
dc.rights This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by IOP Publishing.
dc.title Are chromospheric nanoflares a primary source of coronal plasma?
dc.type Journal article
dc.contributor.funder National Aeronautics and Space Administration Supporting Research and Technology Program
dc.citation.journalTitle The Astrophysical Journal
dc.subject.keywordSun: chromosphere
Sun: corona
Sun: UV radiation
dc.citation.volumeNumber 791
dc.citation.issueNumber 1
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/791/1/60
dc.type.publication post-print


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