Abdominal Fat Suspension Device for Maintaining Normal Cardiorespiratory Function in Patients Undergoing Conscious Sedation during Surgery: A Feasibility Study
Obese patients undergoing conscious-sedation surgery have increased perioperative morbidity because their excess abdominal tissue limits diaphragmatic excursion. We describe a simple device that might help attenuate this risk. We created a noninvasive suction device for abdominal suspension. By lifting the burden of excess weight, this device should decrease respiratory effort. To test the feasibility of excess weight removal in relieving cardiac stress, we tested 22 supine, healthy, normal-weight subjects by measuring their heart rates with and without a 13-kg tissue model on their abdomen to simulate excess weight. There was no significant difference in blood oxygen saturation before and after weight removal (P=0.318). However, the decrease in heart rate was significant (P <0.0001; paired 2-sample, one-tailed t test), which implies decreased respiratory effort. This result suggests the possibility that abdominal mass suspension in obese patients is associated with decreased respiratory effort.