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dc.contributor.authorMacnamara, Brooke N.
Hambrick, David Z.
Oswald, Frederick L.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-23T15:30:35Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-23T15:30:35Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Macnamara, Brooke N., Hambrick, David Z. and Oswald, Frederick L.. "Deliberate Practice and Performance in Music, Games, Sports, Education, and Professions: A Meta-Analysis." Psychological Science, (2014) Sage: 1608-1618. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797614535810.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/76260
dc.description.abstract More than 20 years ago, researchers proposed that individual differences in performance in such domains as music, sports, and games largely reflect individual differences in amount of deliberate practice, which was defined as engagement in structured activities created specifically to improve performance in a domain. This view is a frequent topic of popular-science writing but is it supported by empirical evidence? To answer this question, we conducted a meta-analysis covering all major domains in which deliberate practice has been investigated. We found that deliberate practice explained 26% of the variance in performance for games, 21% for music, 18% for sports, 4% for education, and less than 1% for professions. We conclude that deliberate practice is important, but not as important as has been argued.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Sage
dc.rights This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by Sage.
dc.title Deliberate Practice and Performance in Music, Games, Sports, Education, and Professions: A Meta-Analysis
dc.type Journal article
dc.citation.journalTitle Psychological Science
dc.subject.keyworddeliberate practice
talent development
meta-analysis
human performance
skill acquisition
expertise
open data
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797614535810
dc.identifier.pmid 24986855
dc.type.publication post-print
dc.citation.firstpage 1608
dc.citation.lastpage 1618


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