Families, Resources, and Suicide: Combined Effects on Mortality
Denney, Justin T.
Important resources from family support systems, employment, and educational attainment inhibit the risk of death. Independently, these factors are particularly salient for suicide, but it is less clear how they combine to affect mortality. Using National Health Interview Survey data from 1986 to 2004 (N = 935,802), prospectively linked to mortality through 2006 (including 1,238 suicides), reveals a process of compensation in the way work status and family combine to affect adult suicide: those not working experience more suicide defense from more protective family support systems than do working adults. But a process of reinforcement occurs in the combination of education and family: more education associates with more protection from the family than does less education. The findings demonstrate how families and resources combine to affect mortality in unique ways.
suicide; family support; family formation; education; employment