This collection includes faculty journal articles deposited per Rice's Open Access Policy (more information about the policy can be found at http://openaccess.rice.edu/) and additional faculty work. Items found in this collection can also be found in the authors' departmental faculty publication collections.

Recent Submissions

  • CFD Analysis of the Location of a Rear Wing on an Aston Martin DB7 in Order to Optimize Aerodynamics for Motorsports 

    O’Driscoll, Thomas P.; Barron, Andrew R. (2022)
    The purpose of this study is to identify the initial lateral and vertical location and angle of attack of a GT4-style rear wing on the rear downforce for an Aston Martin DB7 Vantage, prior to installation. The tests were completed with a two-dimensional model, using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software, Fluent Ansys. The tests were completed ...
  • Rapid retreat of Thwaites Glacier in the pre-satellite era 

    Graham, Alastair G. C.; Wåhlin, Anna; Hogan, Kelly A.; Nitsche, Frank O.; Heywood, Karen J.; (2022)
    Understanding the recent history of Thwaites Glacier, and the processes controlling its ongoing retreat, is key to projecting Antarctic contributions to future sea-level rise. Of particular concern is how the glacier grounding zone might evolve over coming decades where it is stabilized by sea-floor bathymetric highs. Here we use geophysical data ...
  • High-surface-area corundum nanoparticles by resistive hotspot-induced phase transformation 

    Deng, Bing; Advincula, Paul A.; Luong, Duy Xuan; Zhou, Jingan; Zhang, Boyu; (2022)
    High-surface-area α-Al2O3 nanoparticles are used in high-strength ceramics and stable catalyst supports. The production of α-Al2O3 by phase transformation from γ-Al2O3 is hampered by a high activation energy barrier, which usually requires extended high-temperature annealing (~1500 K, > 10 h) and suffers from aggregation. Here, we report the synthesis ...
  • Snapshot polarimetric diffuse-specular separation 

    Dave, Akshat; Dave, Akshat; Hold-Geoffroy, Yannick; Hašan, Miloš; Sunkavalli, Kalyan; (2022)
    We present a polarization-based approach to perform diffuse-specular separation from a single polarimetric image, acquired using a flexible, practical capture setup. Our key technical insight is that, unlike previous polarization-based separation methods that assume completely unpolarized diffuse reflectance, we use a more general polarimetric model ...
  • Multiple genome alignment in the telomere-to-telomere assembly era 

    Kille, Bryce; Balaji, Advait; Sedlazeck, Fritz J.; Nute, Michael; Treangen, Todd J. (2022)
    With the arrival of telomere-to-telomere (T2T) assemblies of the human genome comes the computational challenge of efficiently and accurately constructing multiple genome alignments at an unprecedented scale. By identifying nucleotides across genomes which share a common ancestor, multiple genome alignments commonly serve as the bedrock for comparative ...
  • Recent Ostracod Fauna of the Western Ross Sea (Antarctica): A Poorly Known Ingredient of Polar Carbonate Factories 

    Salvi, Gianguido; Anderson, John B.; Bertoli, Marco; Castagno, Pasquale; Falco, Pierpaolo; (2022)
    Ostracoda are a minor but recurrent component of Southern Ocean marine carbonate factories, and their low-Mg calcitic skeletal mineralogy helps in ensuring a noteworthy post-mortem resilience. Our study, based upon surface sediment occurrences, contributes to the better definition of their distribution vs. potential controlling factors in Antarctic ...
  • Artificial Soils Reveal Individual Factor Controls on Microbial Processes 

    Del Valle, Ilenne; Gao, Xiaodong; Ghezzehei, Teamrat A.; Silberg, Jonathan J.; Masiello, Caroline A. (2022)
    Soil matrix properties influence microbial behaviors that underlie nutrient cycling, greenhouse gas production, and soil formation. However, the dynamic and heterogeneous nature of soils makes it challenging to untangle the effects of different matrix properties on microbial behaviors. To address this challenge, we developed a tunable artificial soil ...
  • Turning data into better mental health: Past, present, and future 

    Moukaddam, Nidal; Sano, Akane; Salas, Ramiro; Hammal, Zakia; Sabharwal, Ashutosh (2022)
    In this mini-review, we discuss the fundamentals of using technology in mental health diagnosis and tracking. We highlight those principles using two clinical concepts: (1) cravings and relapse in the context of addictive disorders and (2) anhedonia in the context of depression. This manuscript is useful for both clinicians wanting to understand the ...
  • Creation of a Global Vaccine Risk Index 

    Nuzhath, Tasmiah; Hotez, Peter J.; Damania, Ashish; Liu, P. Shuling; Colwell, Brian; (2022)
    The World Health Organization has identified vaccine hesitancy as one of its top ten global health threats for 2019. Efforts are underway to define the factors responsible for reductions in vaccine confidence. However, as global measles cases accelerated beginning in 2018, it became evident that additional factors were promoting measles re-emergence, ...
  • A Framework for the Systematic Selection of Biosensor Chassis for Environmental Synthetic Biology 

    Sridhar, Swetha; Ajo-Franklin, Caroline M.; Masiello, Caroline A. (2022)
    Microbial biosensors sense and report exposures to stimuli, thereby facilitating our understanding of environmental processes. Successful design and deployment of biosensors hinge on the persistence of the microbial host of the genetic circuit, termed the chassis. However, model chassis organisms may persist poorly in environmental conditions. In ...
  • Infectious Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Exhaled Aerosols and Efficacy of Masks During Early Mild Infection 

    Adenaiye, Oluwasanmi O; Lai, Jianyu; Bueno de Mesquita, P Jacob; Hong, Filbert; Youssefi, Somayeh; (2022)
    Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) epidemiology implicates airborne transmission; aerosol infectiousness and impacts of masks and variants on aerosol shedding are not well understood.We recruited coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases to give blood, saliva, mid-turbinate and fomite (phone) swabs, and 30-minute breath ...
  • On-chip mid-infrared silicon-on-insulator waveguide methane sensor using two measurement schemes at 3.291 μm 

    Zhao, Huan; Zheng, Chuantao; Pi, Mingquan; Liang, Lei; Song, Fang; (2022)
    Portable or even on-chip detection of methane (CH4) is significant for environmental protection and production safety. However, optical sensing systems are usually based on discrete optical elements, which makes them unsuitable for the occasions with high portability requirement. In this work, we report on-chip silicon-on-insulator (SOI) waveguide ...
  • Collaborative experience between scientific software projects using Agile Scrum development 

    Baxter, Amanda L.; BenZvi, Segev Y.; Bonivento, Walter; Brazier, Adam; Clark, Michael; (2022)
    Developing sustainable software for the scientific community requires expertise in software engineering and domain science. This can be challenging due to the unique needs of scientific software, the insufficient resources for software engineering practices in the scientific community, and the complexity of developing for evolving scientific contexts. ...
  • A pan-genome and chromosome-length reference genome of narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) reveals genomic diversity and insights into key industry and biological traits 

    Garg, Gagan; Kamphuis, Lars G.; Bayer, Philipp E.; Kaur, Parwinder; Dudchenko, Olga; (2022)
    Narrow-leafed lupin (NLL; Lupinus angustifolius) is a key rotational crop for sustainable farming systems, whose grain is high in protein content. It is a gluten-free, non-genetically modified, alternative protein source to soybean (Glycine max) and as such has gained interest as a human food ingredient. Here, we present a chromosome-length reference ...
  • Evidence for Nonlinear Gluon Effects in QCD and Their Mass Number Dependence at STAR 

    STAR Collaboration (2022)
    The STAR Collaboration reports measurements of back-to-back azimuthal correlations of di-π0s produced at forward pseudorapidities (2.6<η<4.0) in p+p, p+Al, and p+Au collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 200 GeV. We observe a clear suppression of the correlated yields of back-to-back π0 pairs in p+Al and p+Au collisions compared to the p+p data. ...
  • Gemini-LIGHTS: Herbig Ae/Be and Massive T Tauri Protoplanetary Disks Imaged with Gemini Planet Imager 

    Rich, Evan A.; Monnier, John D.; Aarnio, Alicia; Laws, Anna S. E.; Setterholm, Benjamin R.; (2022)
    We present the complete sample of protoplanetary disks from the Gemini- Large Imaging with the Gemini Planet Imager Herbig/T Tauri Survey, which observed bright Herbig Ae/Be stars and T Tauri stars in near-infrared polarized light to search for signatures of disk evolution and ongoing planet formation. The 44 targets were chosen based on their near- ...
  • Search for Higgs Boson Pair Production in the Four b Quark Final State in Proton-Proton Collisions at √s=13 TeV 

    CMS Collaboration (2022)
    A search for pairs of Higgs bosons produced via gluon and vector boson fusion is presented, focusing on the four b quark final state. The data sample consists of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb−1. No deviation from the ...
  • An empirical model of proton RBE based on the linear correlation between x-ray and proton radiosensitivity 

    Flint, David B.; Ruff, Chase E.; Bright, Scott J.; Yepes, Pablo; Wang, Qianxia; (2022)
    Background Proton relative biological effectiveness (RBE) is known to depend on physical factors of the proton beam, such as its linear energy transfer (LET), as well as on cell-line specific biological factors, such as their ability to repair DNA damage. However, in a clinical setting, proton RBE is still considered to have a fixed value of 1.1 ...
  • Roadmap on Machine learning in electronic structure 

    Kulik, H. J.; Hammerschmidt, T.; Schmidt, J.; Botti, S.; Marques, M. A. L.; (2022)
    In recent years, we have been witnessing a paradigm shift in computational materials science. In fact, traditional methods, mostly developed in the second half of the XXth century, are being complemented, extended, and sometimes even completely replaced by faster, simpler, and often more accurate approaches. The new approaches, that we collectively ...
  • Search for charged-lepton flavor violation in top quark production and decay in pp collisions at s√ = 13 TeV 

    The CMS collaboration (2022)
    Results are presented from a search for charged-lepton flavor violating (CLFV) interactions in top quark production and decay in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The events are required to contain one oppositely charged electron-muon pair in the final state, along with at least one jet identified as originating from a bottom quark. ...

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