Now showing items 9874-9893 of 17018

    • Oasis in the Wasteland: A factory for production of plastic amusement and modern convenience 

      Grossman, Kate Rose (1992)
      The idea of the Wasteland is a potent metaphor within architecture for urban and social decay. Le Corbusier's project for a City of Tomorrow, an idealized place of industrial production, exemplifies attempts by architects to define an architecture of production within the Wasteland. The project illustrates difficulties inherent in creation of ...
    • Oath of the Horatii, Women, detail 

      Oliver-Smith, Philip
    • The Obesity Epidemic: Causes and Current Policy Perspectives 

      Grossman, Michael; Mocan, Naci (2011)
    • Obesity status trajectory groups among elementary school children 

      Chen, Tzu-An; Baranowski, Tom; Moreno, Jennette P.; O’Connor, Teresia M.; Hughes, Sheryl O.; (2016)
      Background: Little is known about patterns in the transition from healthy weight to overweight or obesity during the elementary school years. This study examined whether there were distinct body mass index (BMI) trajectory groups among elementary school children, and predictors of trajectory group membership. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of ...
    • Obesity status trajectory groups among elementary school children 

      Chen, Tzu-An; Baranowski, Tom; Moreno, Jennette P.; O'Connor, Teresia M.; Hughes, Sheryl O.; (2016)
      Background: Little is known about patterns in the transition from healthy weight to overweight or obesity during the elementary school years. This study examined whether there were distinct body mass index (BMI) trajectory groups among elementary school children, and predictors of trajectory group membership. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of ...
    • Obesity, Dietary Factors, Nutrition, and Breast Cancer Risk 

      Seiler, Annina; Chen, Michelle A.; Brown, Ryan L.; Fagundes, Christopher P. (2018)
      Purpose of Review: To synthesize the critical role of obesity-associated inflammation, dietary factors, and nutrition in determining breast cancer risk. Recent Findings: Obesity-associated inflammation is strongly linked to breast cancer risk and progression, largely via two processes: inflammatory pathways and dysregulated metabolism. Cytokine ...
    • Object shape affects hand grip function for heavy objects in younger and older adults 

      (2021)
      Hand-grip function while lifting objects is essential for performing everyday tasks. The Box and Block Test (BBT) has been used to assess hand-grip function and dexterity, but only light objects have been used. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of block surface, shape, age, and sex on hand dexterity during the movement of heavy ...
    • Object-oriented Programming Languages Need Well-founded Contracts 

      Felleisen, Matthias; Findler, Robert Bruce; Latendresse, Mario (2001-01-01)
      Over the past few years, the notion of building software from components has become popular again. The goal is to produce systems by adapting and linking off-the-shelf modules from a pool of interchangeable components. To turn this idea into reality, the formal descriptions of software components need to specify more than the type signatures of their ...
    • Object-Oriented Type Inference for Telescoping Languages 

      Allen, Eric; Kennedy, Ken; McCosh, Cheryl (2004)
      The telescoping-languages approach achieves high performance from applications encoded as high-level scripts. The core idea is to pre-compile underlying libraries to generate multiple variants optimized for use indifferent possible contexts including different argument types. We have previously developed a type inference algorithm that enables ...
    • Observation and modeling of the evolution of Texas power plant plumes 

      (2012)
      During the second Texas Air Quality Study 2006 (TexAQS II), a full range of pollutants was measured by aircraft in eastern Texas during successive transects of power plant plumes (PPPs). A regional photochemical model is applied to simulate the physical and chemical evolution of the plumes. The observations reveal that SO2 and NOy were rapidly removed ...
    • Observation of $t\overline{t}H$ Production 

      CMS Collaboration; Chen, Z.; Ecklund, K.M.; Freed, S.; Geurts, F.J.M.; (2018)
      The observation of Higgs boson production in association with a top quark-antiquark pair is reported, based on a combined analysis of proton-proton collision data at center-of-mass energies of √s=7, 8, and 13 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1, 19.7, and 35.9 fb−1, respectively. The data were collected with the CMS detector ...
    • Observation of a diffractive contribution to dijet production in proton-proton collisions at √s=7  TeV 

      Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Ecklund, K.M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; (2013)
      The cross section for dijet production in proton-proton collisions at √s=7  TeV is presented as a function of ξ˜, a variable that approximates the fractional momentum loss of the scattered proton in single-diffractive events. The analysis is based on an integrated luminosity of 2.7  nb−1 collected with the CMS detector at the LHC at low instantaneous ...
    • Observation of a Helical Luttinger Liquid in InAs/GaSb Quantum Spin Hall Edges 

      Li, Tingxin; Wang, Pengjie; Fu, Hailong; Du, Lingjie; Schreiber, Kate A.; (2015)
      We report on the observation of a helical Luttinger liquid in the edge of an InAs/GaSb quantum spin Hall insulator, which shows characteristic suppression of conductance at low temperature and low bias voltage. Moreover, the conductance shows power-law behavior as a function of temperature and bias voltage. The results underscore the strong ...
    • Observation of a narrow mass state decaying into Υ(1S)+γ in pp¯ collisions at √s=1.96  TeV 

      D0 Collaboration; Chandra, A.; Corcoran, M.; Orduna, J.; Prewitt, M. (2012)
      Using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.3  fb−1, we observe a narrow mass state decaying into Υ(1S)+γ, where the Υ(1S) meson is detected by its decay into a pair of oppositely charged muons, and the photon is identified through its conversion into an electron-positron pair. The significance of this observation is 5.6 standard ...
    • Observation of a new boson at a mass of 125 GeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Cuplov, V.; Ecklund, K.M.; (2012)
      Results are presented from searches for the standard model Higgs boson in proton–proton collisions at √s=7 and 8 TeV in the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at the LHC, using data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1 fb−1 at 7 TeV and 5.3 fb−1 at 8 TeV. The search is performed in five decay modes: γγ, ZZ, W+W−, τ+τ−, and bb¯. ...
    • Observation of a new boson with mass near 125 GeV in pp collisions at √s=7 and 8 TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; (2013)
      A detailed description is reported of the analysis used by the CMS Collaboration in the search for the standard model Higgs boson in pp collisions at the LHC, which led to the observation of a new boson. The data sample corresponds to integrated luminosities up to 5.1 fb−1 at s√=7 TeV, and up to 5.3 fb−1 at √s=8 TeV. The results for five Higgs boson ...