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  • A novel and efficient engine for P-/S-wave-mode vector decomposition for vertical transverse isotropic elastic reverse time migration 

    Zhang, Lele; Liu, Lu; Niu, Fenglin; Zuo, Jiahui; Shuai, Da; (2022)
    Wave-mode decomposition plays a very important role in elastic reverse time migration (ERTM). Improved imaging quality can be achieved due to reduced wave-mode crosstalk artifacts. The current state-of-the-art methods for anisotropic wavefield separation are based on either splitting model strategy, low-rank approximation, or lower-upper (LU) ...
  • Sedimentary and crustal structure of the US Gulf Coast revealed by Rayleigh wave and teleseismic P coda data with implications for continent rifting 

    Miao, Wenpei; Niu, Fenglin; Li, Guoliang; Levander, Alan (2022)
    We have developed an S-wave model of the south-central US focusing on the Gulf Coast sedimentary basin and its crust to understand continental rifting and regional tectonics. The model was derived by a joint inversion of Rayleigh wave phase velocities, Z/H ratios and P-coda data. The surface- and body-wave measurements were made, respectively, from ...
  • The 2022 State of Housing in Harris County and Houston Kinder Houston Area Survey: At the Forefront of a Changing America 

    Park, John; Sherman, Stephen Averill; Guajardo, Luis; Fulton, William; Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research (2022)
    The third annual State of Housing report documents a rapidly changing housing environment in Houston and Harris County. Due to delays in data released from the U.S. Census and the American Communities Survey, the 2022 report relied more on data from other sources, especially the Houston Associations of Realtors (HAR) and the Home Mortgage Disclosure ...
  • Against neuroclassicism: On the perils of armchair neuroscience 

    Morgan, Alex (2022)
    Neuroclassicism is the view that cognition is explained by “classical” computing mechanisms in the nervous system that exhibit a clear demarcation between processing machinery and read–write memory. The psychologist C. R. Gallistel has mounted a sophisticated defense of neuroclassicism by drawing from ethology and computability theory to argue that ...
  • A Bayesian Multivariate Functional Dynamic Linear Model 

    Kowal, Daniel R.; Matteson, David S.; Ruppert, David (2017)
    We present a Bayesian approach for modeling multivariate, dependent functional data. To account for the three dominant structural features in the data—functional, time dependent, and multivariate components—we extend hierarchical dynamic linear models for multivariate time series to the functional data setting. We also develop Bayesian spline theory ...
  • A Bayesian approach for capturing daily heterogeneity in intra-daily durations time series 

    Brownlees, Christian T.; Vannucci, Marina (2013)
    Intra-daily financial durations time series typically exhibit evidence of long range dependence. This has motivated the introduction of models able to reproduce this stylized fact, like the Fractionally Integrated Autoregressive Conditional Duration Model. In this work we introduce a novel specification able to capture long range dependence. We propose ...
  • Evaluation of Decarbonization Technologies for ASEAN Countries via an Integrated Assessment Tool 

    Lau, Hon Chung (2022)
    A new assessment tool for evaluating decarbonization technologies that considers each technology’s sustainability, security, affordability, readiness, and impact for a specific country is proposed. This tool is applied to a set of decarbonization technologies for the power, transport, and industry sectors for the ten Southeast Asian countries that ...
  • On-the-fly compressive single-pixel foveation using the STOne transform 

    Giljum, Anthony T.; Giljum, Anthony T.; Kelly, Kevin F. (2022)
    Compressive imaging allows one to sample an image below the Nyquist rate yet still accurately recover it from the measurements by solving an L1 optimization problem. The L1 solvers, however, are iterative and can require significant time to reconstruct the original signal. Intuitively, the reconstruction time can be reduced by reconstructing fewer ...
  • Investigation into the Re-Arrangement of Copper Foams Pre- and Post-CO2 Electrocatalysis 

    Rudd, Jennifer A.; Hernandez-Aldave, Sandra; Kazimierska, Ewa; Hamdy, Louise B.; Bain, Odin J. E.; (2021)
    The utilization of carbon dioxide is a major incentive for the growing field of carbon capture. Carbon dioxide could be an abundant building block to generate higher-value chemical products. Herein, we fabricated a porous copper electrode capable of catalyzing the reduction of carbon dioxide into higher-value products, such as ethylene, ethanol and ...
  • Mutational Switch-Backs Can Accelerate Evolution of Francisella to a Combination of Ciprofloxacin and Doxycycline 

    Mehta, Heer H.; Ibarra, David; Marx, Christopher J.; Miller, Craig R.; Shamoo, Yousif (2022)
    Combination antimicrobial therapy has been considered a promising strategy to combat the evolution of antimicrobial resistance. Francisella tularensis is the causative agent of tularemia and in addition to being found in the nature, is recognized as a threat agent that requires vigilance. We investigated the evolutionary outcome of adapting the Live ...
  • The Magnetic Genome of Two-Dimensional van der Waals Materials 

    Wang, Qing Hua; Bedoya-Pinto, Amilcar; Blei, Mark; Dismukes, Avalon H.; Hamo, Assaf; (2022)
    Magnetism in two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) materials has recently emerged as one of the most promising areas in condensed matter research, with many exciting emerging properties and significant potential for applications ranging from topological magnonics to low-power spintronics, quantum computing, and optical communications. In the brief ...
  • (Bad) reputation in relational contracting 

    Deb, Rahul; Mitchell, Matthew; Pai, Mallesh M. (2022)
    Motivated by markets for “expertise,” we study a bandit model where a principal chooses between a safe and risky arm. A strategic agent controls the risky arm and privately knows whether its type is high or low. Irrespective of type, the agent wants to maximize duration of experimentation with the risky arm. However, only the high type arm can generate ...
  • Hot carrier spatio-temporal inhomogeneities in ultrafast nanophotonics 

    Schirato, Andrea; Crotti, Giulia; Zaccaria, Remo Proietti; Alabastri, Alessandro; Valle, Giuseppe Della (2022)
    Light-induced hot carriers in nanostructures and their corresponding optical nonlinearity have been extensively examined during the last decades. However, nonlinear optical effects dictated by the spatio-temporal evolution of out-of-equilibrium electrons at the nanoscale represent a much more recent research focus. Here we theoretically discuss the ...
  • Species-specific plant-mediated effects between herbivores converge at high damage intensity 

    Wan, Jinlong; Yi, Jiahui; Tao, Zhibin; Ren, Zhikun; Otieno, Evans O.; (2022)
    Plants are often exposed to multiple herbivores and densities of these attackers (or corresponding damage intensities) often fluctuate greatly in the field. Plant-mediated interactions vary among herbivore species and with changing feeding intensity, but little is known about how herbivore identity and density interact to determine plant responses ...
  • National scale of neonatal CPAP to district hospitals in Malawi improves survival for neonates weighing between 1.0 and 1.3 kg 

    Carns, Jennifer; Liaghati-Mobarhan, Sara; Asibon, Aba; Chalira, Alfred; Lufesi, Norman; (2022)
    Objective To determine whether a national quality improvement programme implementing continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at government hospitals in Malawi improved outcomes for neonates prioritised by an algorithm recommending early CPAP for infants weighing 1.0–1.3 kg (the 50th percentile weight at 30 weeks’ gestation). Design The analysis ...
  • Conditions for Synaptic Specificity during the Maintenance Phase of Synaptic Plasticity 

    Huertas, Marco A.; Newton, Adam J. H.; McDougal, Robert A.; Sacktor, Todd Charlton; Shouval, Harel Z. (2022)
    Activity-dependent modifications of synaptic efficacies are a cellular substrate of learning and memory. Experimental evidence shows that these modifications are synapse specific and that the long-lasting effects are associated with the sustained increase in concentration of specific proteins like PKMζ. However, such proteins are likely to diffuse ...
  • All-Optical Reconfiguration of Ultrafast Dichroism in Gold Metasurfaces 

    Schirato, Andrea; Toma, Andrea; Proietti Zaccaria, Remo; Alabastri, Alessandro; Cerullo, Giulio; (2022)
    Optical metasurfaces have come into the spotlight as a promising platform for light manipulation at the nanoscale, including ultrafast all-optical control via excitation with femtosecond laser pulses. Recently, dichroic metasurfaces have been exploited to modulate the polarization state of light with unprecedented speed. This work theoretically ...
  • Decarbonization roadmaps for ASEAN and their implications 

    Lau, Hon Chung (2022)
    The objective of this paper is to derive, for the first time, decarbonization roadmaps for the ten nations of ASEAN. This study first presents a regional view of ASEAN’s fossil and renewable energy usage and energy-related CO2 emission. Results show that renewable energies have been losing ground to fossil energies in the last two decades and fossil ...
  • Receptor-binding domain recombinant protein on alum-CpG induces broad protection against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern 

    Pollet, Jeroen; Strych, Ulrich; Chen, Wen-Hsiang; Versteeg, Leroy; Keegan, Brian; (2022)
    We conducted preclinical studies in mice using a yeast-produced SARS-CoV-2 RBD subunit vaccine candidate formulated with aluminum hydroxide (alum) and CpG deoxynucleotides. This formulation is equivalent to the CorbevaxTM vaccine that recently received emergency use authorization by the Drugs Controller General ofIndia. We compared the immune response ...
  • Network resources and educational outcomes among Mexican-origin youth 

    Flores Morales, Josefina; Diaz, Christina J.; Nobles, Jenna; Fletcher, Jason M. (2022)
    Despite schooling gains over the last two decades, Mexican-origin adults complete fewer years of schooling than adults from other ethnic backgrounds. Explanations emphasizing network resources suggest Mexican-origin adolescents have social ties that are more likely to be “closed” from adults with experience in higher education—and this, in turn, ...

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