Model-Based Acquisition for Compressive Sensing & Imaging
Kelly, Kevin F.
Master of Science
Compressive sensing (CS) is a novel imaging technology based on the inherent redundancy of natural scenes. The minimum number of required measurements which defines the maximum image compression rate is lower-bounded by the sparsity of the image but is dependent on the type of acquisition patterns employed. Increased measurements by the Rice single pixel camera (SPC) slows down the acquisition process, which may cause the image recovery to be more susceptible to background noise and thus limit CS's application in imaging, detection, or classifying moving targets. In this study, two methods (hybrid-subspace sparse sampling (HSS) for imaging and secant projection on a manifold for classification are applied to solving this problem. For the HSS method, new image pattern are designed via robust principle component analysis (rPCA) on prior knowledge from a library of images to sense a common structure. After measuring coarse scale commonalities, the residual image becomes sparser, and then fewer measurements are needed. For the secant projection case, patterns that can preserve the pairwise distance between data points based on manifold learning are designed via semi-definite programming. These secant patterns turn out to be better in object classification over those learned from PCA. Both methods considerably decrease the number of required measurements for each task when compared with the purely random patterns of a more universal CS imaging system.