|dc.contributor.author||Bowling, Kristi G.
Bowling, Kristi G., Klisch, Yvonne, Wang, Shu, et al.. "Examining an Online Microbiology Game as an Effective Tool for Teaching the Scientific Process." Journal of Microbiology and Biology Education, 14, no. 1 (2013) American Society for Microbiology: 58-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/jmbe.v14i1.505.
This study investigates the effectiveness of the online Flash game Disease Defenders in producing knowledge
gains for concepts related to the scientific process. Disease Defenders was specifically designed to model how
the scientific process is central to a variety of disciplines and science careers. An additional question relates
to the game's ability to shift attitudes toward science. Middle school classes from grades six to eight were
assigned to the experimental group (n = 489) or control group (n = 367) and asked to participate in a three-session intervention. The sessions involved completing a pretest, a game play session, and taking a post-test.
Students in the experimental group played Disease Defenders while students in the control group played an
alternative science game. Results showed a significant increase in mean science knowledge scores for all
grades in the experimental group, with sixth grade and seventh grade students gaining more knowledge
than eighth grade students. Additionally, results showed a significant positive change in science attitudes
only among sixth graders, who also rated their satisfaction with the game more favorably than students in
higher grades. No differences in mean test scores were found between genders for science knowledge or
science attitudes, suggesting that the game is equally effective for males and females.
American Society for Microbiology
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Examining an Online Microbiology Game as an Effective Tool for Teaching the Scientific Process
National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Journal of Microbiology and Biology Education
Rice University Center for Technology in Teaching and Learning
R25 A1062762 (National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases)