Roll up nanowire battery from silicon chips
Here we report an approach to roll out Li-ion battery components from silicon chips by a continuous and repeatable etch-infiltratepeel cycle. Vertically aligned silicon nanowires etched from recycled silicon wafers are captured in a polymer matrix that operates as Liþ gel-electrolyte and electrode separator and peeled off to make multiple battery devices out of a single wafer. Porous, electrically interconnected copper nanoshells are conformally deposited around the silicon nanowires to stabilize the electrodes over extended cycles and provide efficient current collection. Using the above developed process we demonstrate an operational full cell 3.4 V lithium-polymer silicon nanowire (LIPOSIL) battery which is mechanically flexible and scalable to large dimensions.
polymer electrolyte; core-shell nanowires; energy storage; flexible electronics; waste management