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dc.contributor.advisor Shibatani, Masayoshi
dc.creatorHartenstein, Anne Marie
dc.date.accessioned 2013-07-24T19:30:39Z
dc.date.accessioned 2013-07-24T19:30:43Z
dc.date.available 2013-07-24T19:30:39Z
dc.date.available 2013-07-24T19:30:43Z
dc.date.created 2012-12
dc.date.issued 2013-07-24
dc.date.submitted December 2012
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/71655
dc.description.abstract Based on 160 hours of recording collected in the villages of Săbăoani, and Pildeşti, Romania, the present research attempts to describe the middle voice system of Northern Moldavian Hungarian (NMH), an endangered language spoken by no more than 3000 speakers. Defining the middle voice category semantically rather than formally, it is argued that the various middle situation types in NMH can be placed relative to one another on a “semantic map” based on shared semantic properties such as 1) the confinement of the development of the action within the agent’s sphere to the extent that the action’s effect accrues back on the agent itself, 2) the degree of volitionality of the Initiator/Agent, and 3) the degree of affectedness of the Initiator/Agent. Polysemy structures are examined against the background of a common semantic map derived on the basis of cross linguistic investigation of a given grammatical domain. In working toward this end a detailed description of major patterns of meaning inherent in the NMH middle system, examining three types of morphological middles, syntactic middles, and lexical middles is presented. Cases in which the same verb can occur with or without a middle marker apparently having the same meaning are discussed. Moreover, seemingly minimal pairs in which two different morphological constructions occur with the same verb are analyzed. A detailed analysis of the differences in form and function of the two reciprocal syntactic middle constructions in NMH is provided. Regarding reflexive syntactic middles it will be shown that depending on the case marking taken by the reflexive anaphoric operator the function conveyed is different such as reflexives, intensifiers, causers, and experiencer. Finally, cases in which the same verb can convey a middle meaning by using a morphological middle marker or by using a syntactic middle construction are analyzed showing that there are main differences in the meaning those two strategies convey. Thus, the present paper identifies specific semantic properties relevant to the middle voice system in NMH, sets up some hypotheses regarding the relations among middle and related situation types and proposes some diachronic predictions regarding the middle voice system of NMH.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subjectCsango
Northern Moldavian Hungarian
Middle voice
Endangered languages
Linguistics Fieldwork
dc.title Middle Voice in Northern Moldavian Hungarian
dc.contributor.committeeMember Achard, Michel
dc.contributor.committeeMember Tyler, Stephen A.
dc.date.updated 2013-07-24T19:30:43Z
dc.identifier.slug 123456789/ETD-2012-12-230
dc.type.genre Thesis
dc.type.material Text
thesis.degree.department Linguistics
thesis.degree.discipline Social Sciences
thesis.degree.grantor Rice University
thesis.degree.level Doctoral
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
dc.identifier.citation Hartenstein, Anne Marie. "Middle Voice in Northern Moldavian Hungarian." (2013) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/71655.


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