Quantification of Lifeline System Interdependencies after the 27 February 2010 Mw 8.8 Offshore Maule, Chile, Earthquake
Data on lifeline system service restoration is seldom exploited for the calibration of performance prediction models or for response comparisons across systems and events. This study explores utility restoration curves after the 2010 Chilean earthquake through a time series method to quantify coupling strengths across lifeline systems. When consistent with field information, cross-correlations from restoration curves without significant lag times quantify operational interdependence, whereas those with significant lags reveal logistical interdependence. Synthesized coupling strengths are also proposed to incorporate cross-correlations and lag times at once. In the Chilean earthquake, coupling across fixed and mobile phones was the strongest per region followed by coupling within and across telecommunication and power systems in adjacent regions. Unapparent couplings were also revealed among telecommunication and power systems with water networks. The proposed methodology can steer new protocols for post-disaster data collection, including anecdotal information to evaluate causality, and inform infrastructure interdependence effect prediction models.