Search for charged Higgs bosons through the violation of lepton universality in t¯t events using pp collision data at ps = 7 TeV with the ATLAS experiment
The ATLAS Collaboration
In several extensions of the Standard Model, the top quark can decay into a bottom quark and a light charged Higgs boson H+, t → bH+, in addition to the Standard Model decay t → bW. Since W bosons decay to the three lepton generations equally, while H+ may predominantly decay into τν, charged Higgs bosons can be searched for using the violation of lepton universality in top quark decays. The analysis in this paper is based on 4.6 fb−1 of proton-proton collision data at √s = 7 TeV collected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. Signatures containing leptons (e or μ) and/or a hadronically decaying τ (τhad) are used. Event yield ratios between e+τhad and e+μ, as well as between μ+τhad and μ+e, final states are measured in the data and compared to predictions from simulations. This ratio-based method reduces the impact of systematic uncertainties in the analysis. No significant deviation from the Standard Model predictions is observed. With the assumption that the branching fraction B(H+ → τν) is 100%, upper limits in the range 3.2%–4.4% can be placed on the branching fraction B(t → bH+) for charged Higgs boson masses mH+ in the range 90–140GeV. After combination with results from a search for charged Higgs bosons in t¯t decays using the τhad+jets final state, upper limits on B(t → bH+) can be set in the range 0.8%–3.4%, for mH+ in the range 90–160GeV.