Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Crosswhite, Katherine
dc.creatorPapp, Viktoria
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-08T00:37:27Z
dc.date.available 2013-03-08T00:37:27Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/70383
dc.description.abstract Results of the three studies on the speech production of female-to-male transgender individuals (transmen) present phonetic evidence that speech produces the transmen by what I termed triple decoupling. Transmen successfully decouple gender from biological sex. The results of the longitudinal studies exemplified that speakers born and raised female do not necessarily need to have a female voicing source or filter function. Both qualitative changes can he achieved (to different degree) by bringing exogenous testosterone into the system that virilizes both source and filter over time. Moreover, the cross-sectional study showed that articulatory gestures can be modified to move the acoustic targets towards a gendered target one is striving to present. The acoustic manifestations of transmen with different partner attraction offers the next type of decoupling, that between sexual orientation and gender identity. The results of the cross-sectional study imply that female-born individuals attracted to men do not necessarily have to identify as women. They can opt out of this self-identification by selectively adopting features associated with the gay cismale speaking style. This is suggested by the fact that sexual orientation was found to have a significant effect on the durational and spectral quality of fricatives /s/ and /s/, formant values and sentential pitch range. Finally, the longitudinal studies provide evidence for the third type of decoupling, which comes in the form of gender breaking free from physiology. The recurring "reverse J-pattern" of both the transitioning source and filter, as well as the mean fundamental frequency raising above the pitch floor illustrate the fact that transmen do not feel obliged to sound as masculine (as low-pitched and "low-formanted") as testosterone enables them to. This final type of decoupling also serves to demonstrate that many transmen decidedly do not opt in to the binary system of sex / gender even though they are physiologically able to do so. Although LGB speaking styles have been investigated before, this dissertation is the first to discuss a number of acoustic descriptors specifically in transmen's speech and place them into the context of hormone treatment, sexual orientation and disclosure status.
dc.format.extent 199 p.
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subjectSocial sciences
Language
Literature
Linguistics
FTM (female-to-male)
Sociophonetics
Transsexual
Passing
Testosterone
Transgender
Voice
LGBT studies
Gender studies
dc.title The female-to-male transsexual voice: Physiology vs. performance in production
dc.identifier.digital PappV
dc.type.genre Thesis
dc.type.material Text
thesis.degree.department Linguistics and Semiotics
thesis.degree.discipline Social Sciences
thesis.degree.grantor Rice University
thesis.degree.level Doctoral
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
dc.identifier.citation Papp, Viktoria. "The female-to-male transsexual voice: Physiology vs. performance in production." (2012) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/70383.


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record